There are children whose IQ’s are extremely high and are considered to be at the genius level. It is possible for a 12 year-old child with a very high IQ to complete all of the required school work to graduate from high school. But as in other situations in life, just because a child can do something, does not mean they should be allowed to do so.
The main concern for a 12 year-old child to be allowed to graduate from high school would be for his social and emotional development. Even if this child’s intelligence is high and he/she is at the same academic level as 17 or 18 year-olds, he or she is still a 12 year-old physically and emotionally. Because of this, highly intelligent or genius level children tend to struggle socially. They don’t always fit in with their own peers academically, and they don’t fit in with the older kid’s physical and emotional level of maturity. It can be very difficult for them.
The parents should make a very informed decision by discussing their options with school administration, the child’s physician, and a child psychologist or therapist if possible. Many schools now offer special programs for “gifted” children which can give additional challenges and promote friendships between children who have been identified as “high ability.” While academics and learning is very important, social skills and ”emotional intelligence” are also just as important for a child’s development and place in society
Take care and best wishes to you.
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If possible, the how would be determined by your child's principal and the local school district. If your child is in private school, meeting with school officials is the best way to start this discussion. Whether or not it is a "good" idea is debatable and depends upon the circumstances of your situation. I would seek a professional opinion on this matter from both educators and psychologists with experience in this area.