Bullying Among Children and Youth on Perceptions and Differences in Sexual Orientation (page 3)

— Stop Bullying Now! U.S. Department of Health and Human Services HRSA
Updated on Sep 29, 2010

References and Resources

1    National School Climate Survey (2005). New York: Gay, Lesbian, Straight Education Network.

2    Harris Interactive & GLSEN. (2005). From teasing to torment: School climate in America, a survey of students and teachers. New York: GLSEN.

3    National Mental Health Association. (2002a). What does gay mean? Teen survey executive summary. Anti-gay bullying survey results at

4    DC. Dinkes, R.,Cataldi, E.F., & Lin-Kelly, W. (2007). Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2007 (NCES 2008-021/NCJ 219553). National Center for Education Statistics, Institute of Education Sciences, U.S. Department of Education, and Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, 

5     Harris Interactive & GLSEN. (2005). See endnote 2 for full citation.

6     National Mental Health Association. (2002b). What does gay mean: How to talk with kids about sexual orientation and prejudice, website text.  See endnote 3 for source link.

7     Pilkington, N.W. & D'Augelli, A.R. (1995). Victimization of lesbian, gay and bisexual youth in community settings. Journal of Community, 23, 34-56; Bontempo, D.E. & D'Augelli, A.R. (2002). Effects of at-school victimization and sexual orientation on lesbian, gay, orJournal of Adolescent Health, 30, 364-374; and Savin-Williams, R.C. (1994). Verbal and physical abuse as stressors in the lives of lesbian, gay male, and bisexual youths: Associations with school problems, running away, substance abuse, prostitution, and suicide. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 62, 261-269.

8     Savin-Williams (1994), 267. See endnote 7 for full citation.

9     Russell, S.T. & Joyner, K. (2002). Adolescent sexual orientation and suicide risk: Evidence from a national study. American Journal Public Health, 91, 1276-1281.

10     Harris Interactive & GLSEN (2005). See endnote 2 for full citation.

11     Get Busy, Get Equal. (2006). Get a safe schools policy, produced by American Civil Liberties Union, GLSEN and AIDS project at

12     Resources: Just the Facts Coalition. (1999). Just the facts about sexual orientation & youth: A primer for principals, educators & school personnel, Factsheet developed and endorsed by ten coalition associations; and Partners Against Hate at

13    Resource: Institutional heterosexism in our schools: A guide to understanding and undoing it. New York: GLSEN. Available at

14     Ponton, L. (2001).What does gay mean: How to talk with kids about sexual orientation and prejudice. San Francisco, CA: Horizons Foundation. See endnote 3 for website.

15    American Academy of Pediatrics. (2004). Sexual orientation and adolescents. Pediatrics, 113, 1827-1832; and National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners' (NAPNAP) position paper, Health risks and needs of gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender, and questioning adolescents (2006). Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 20, 29A-30A.

16   American Academy of Pediatrics. (2004). See endnote 15 for full citation.

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