Differentiation of Curriculum and Instruction (page 2)
NAGC supports the provision of appropriate quality educational experiences for all students across the spectrum of ability, background, and achievement. The learning needs of gifted students often differ from those of other students and should be addressed through differentiation, a modification of curriculum and instruction based on the assessed achievement and interests of individual students.
To provide appropriate and challenging educational experiences for gifted students, differentiation may include:
acceleration of instruction;
a high degree of complexity;
advanced content; and/or
variety in content and form
Problems occur when teachers attempt to meet the needs of gifted students by limiting learning experiences to:
offering more of the same level of material or the same kind of problem;
providing either enrichment or acceleration alone;
focusing only on cognitive growth in isolation from affective, physical, or intuitive growth;
teaching higher thinking skills (e.g. research or criticism) in isolation from academic content;
presenting additional work that is just different from the core curriculum; and/or
grouping with intellectual peers without differentiating content and instruction.
Differentiation for gifted students consists of carefully planned, coordinated learning experiences that extend beyond the core curriculum to meet the specific learning needs evidenced by the student. It combines the curricular strategies of enrichment and acceleration and provides flexibility and diversity. Appropriate differentiation allows for increasing levels of advanced, abstract, and complex curriculum that are substantive and that respond to the learner's needs. NAGC believes that the use of such differentiation is essential to maximize the educational experience for gifted and talented students. NAGC further believes that appropriate educational experiences for these students are more effective when differentiated materials and activities are planned in advance and easily accessible.
Mile Marker Series
No matter where you are as a parent on your journey in the world of gifted education, you will find high quality information from NAGC's vast online and printed resources all in one place, in this easy-to-use resource:http://www.nagc.org/index.aspx?id=3546
Developed by experts in the field and parents who have traveled the route before, this series will help parents of high-ability children find useful, up-to-date, practical information and guidance. You're the driver and can take the path that best meets your needs.
The National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) periodically issues policy statements that deal with issues, policies, and practices that have an impact on the education of gifted and talented students. View the complete series at http://www.nagc.org/index2.aspx?id=375
Become an NAGC member and you'll open the door to many individuals who care about gifted children -- while at the same time you'll receive the benefits of membership that will keep you informed about the latest issues and events in gifted. Visit NAGC today. http://www.nagc.org/index2.aspx?id=367
Reprinted with the permission of the National Association for Gifted Children. ©2008 National Association for Gifted Children.
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