Dysgraphia: A Quick Look
What you should know about dysgraphia:
Dysgraphia is a learning disability that affects written expression.
It makes the act of writing difficult.
Individuals with dysgraphia can have difficulty organizing letters, numbers and words on a line or page:
- Visual-spatial difficulties - which result in a person having trouble processing what the eye sees
- Language processing difficulty - which result in a person having trouble processing and making sense of what the ear hears.
Like all learning disabilities, dysgraphia is a life-long challenge.
Using alternate learning methods, people with dysgraphia can learn how to achieve success.
Dysgraphia: Warning Signs by Age
- Tight, awkward pencil grip and body position
- Avoiding writing or drawing tasks
- Difficulty forming letters shapes
- Inconsistent spacing between letters/words
- Poor understanding of upper and lowercase letters
- Inability to write or draw in a line or within margins
- Tire quickly while writing
- Illegible handwriting
- Mixture of cursive and print writing
- Saying words out loud while writing
- Concentrate on writing so much that they don't comprehend what they've written
- Difficulty thinking of words to write
- Unfinished or omitted words in sentences
Teenagers & Adults
- Difficulty organizing thoughts on paper
- Trouble keeping track of thoughts already written down
- Difficulty with syntax structure and grammar
- Large gap between written ideas and understanding demonstrated through speech
If a person continues to display difficulty over time in the areas outlined above, testing for dysgraphia should be considered.
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Reprinted with the permission of the National Center for Learning Disabilities. © 1999-2009 National Center for Learning Disabilities, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
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