Appropriate Preschool Goals (page 2)

By — Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall
Updated on Apr 30, 2014

Language and Literacy

There is a great emphasis on helping preschool children learn literacy skills. To develop language and literacy skills, preschoolers must work on a variety of capabilities:

  • Oral language skills
  • Vocabularies
  • Conversations with other children and adults
  • Proficiency in language
  • Literacy skills related to writing and reading
  • Letters of the alphabet
  • Listening comprehension
  • Motivation to read
  • Print awareness
  • Ways to use and appreciate books (Texas Education Agency, 2007)

Character Education

Many schools and school districts identify, with parents’ help, the character traits they want all students to demonstrate. Children need multiple opportunities to learn about and demonstrate character traits such as these:

  • Positive mental attitude
  • Persistence
  • Respect for others
  • Cooperation
  • Honesty
  • Trustworthiness
  • Sensitivity

Music and the Arts

Brain research supports the use of music and the arts to encourage learning in all areas. Preschoolers can learn about music and the arts in many ways:

  • Varied materials (e.g., crayons, paint, clay, markers) to create original work
  • Different colors, surface textures, and shapes to create form and meaning
  • Art as a form of self-expression
  • Music activities
  • Varieties of simple songs
  • Movement to music of various tempos
  • Dramatic play with others

Wellness and Healthy Living

When children are not healthy, they cannot achieve their best. Helping children learn healthy habits will help them do well in school. Healthy habits include the following:

  • Good nutritional practices
  • New foods, a balanced menu, and essential nutrients
  • Management of personal belongings
  • Ability to dress oneself appropriately
  • Personal hygiene, such as washing one’s hands and blowing one’s nose


Skills of independence help children have the confidence they need to achieve in school activities:

  • Doing things for themselves
  • Taking responsibility for passing out, collecting, and organizing materials
  • Learning self-direction
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