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Tips to Help the Bullying Bystander (page 3)

By and — Bullying Special Edition Contributor
Updated on Aug 30, 2013

Taking a stand against a bully—especially one with social or physical clout—is never easy. Help by giving your child the knowledge, skills, and support she needs to appropriately intervene when she witnesses bullying behavior. Your kid will not only learn tolerance and respect in the process, she’ll become part of a larger solution to the bullying epidemic today—and quite possibly inspire her peers to take action too.

This article is based on the following research:

1. Atlas, R. S., & Pepler, D. J. (1998). Observations of bullying in the classroom. Journal of Educational Research, 92, 86-99.

2. Craig, W. M., Pepler, D., & Atlas, R. (2000). Observations of bullying in the playground and in the classroom. School Psychology International, 21, 22–36.

3. Hawkins, D., Pepler, D. J., & Craig, W. M. (2001). Naturalistic observations of peer interventions in bullying. Social Development, 10, 512-527.

4. Latané, B., & Darley, J. M. (1970). The unresponsive bystander: Why doesn’t he help? Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

5. Latané, B., & Nida, S. (1981). Ten years of research on group size and helping. Psychological Bulletin, 89, 308-324.

6. Lodge, J. & Frydenberg, E. (2005). The role of peer bystanders in school bullying: positive steps toward promoting peaceful schools. Theory into Practice, 44, 329-336.>

7. Mishna, F., Pepler, D., & Wiener, J. (2006). Factors associated with perceptions and responses to bullying situations by children, parents, teachers, and principals. Victims and Offenders, 1, 255-288.

8. Nickerson, A. B., Mele, D., & Princiotta, D. (2008). Attachment and empathy as predictors of roles as defenders or outsiders in bullying interactions. Journal of School Psychology, 46, 687-703.

9. Nickerson, A. B., & Nagle, R. J. (2004). The influence of parent and peer attachments on life satisfaction in middle childhood and early adolescence. Social Indicators Research, 66, 35-60.

10. O’Connell, P., Pepler, D., & Craig, W. (1999). Peer involvement in bullying: Insights and challenges for intervention. Journal of Adolescence, 22, 437-452.

11. Rigby, K., & Johnson, B. (2005, June). Student bystanders in Australian schools. Pastoral Care, 10-16.

12.Rivers, I., Poteat, V.P., Noret, N., & Ashurst, N. (2009). Observing bullying at school: The mental health implications of witness status. School Psychology Quarterly, 24, 211-222.

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