Career and Technical Education Trends and Statistics
- There were approximately 18,000 public high schools in the United States in 2002. Of these, 5 percent were full-time CTE high schools (about 900 such schools). An additional 46 percent were comprehensive high schools served by area CTE schools (about 8,000 schools), and the remaining 49 percent were comprehensive high schools not served by area CTE schools (about 9,000 schools).
- The majority (88 percent) of public high schools offered at least one occupational program in 2002, either on or off site . In addition to all full-time CTE high schools offering such programs, 91 percent of comprehensive high schools served by area CTE schools and 84 percent of comprehensive high schools not served by area CTE schools reported offering occupational programs either on or off site in 2002.
- There were approximately 1,200 area CTE schools in 41 states as of 2002. The largest concentration of area CTE schools was in the South (with 44 percent of these schools), followed by the Midwest (24 percent), Northeast (22 percent), and West (10 percent).
- Public high school students had on average 10 occupational programs available to them in 2002. Students in full-time CTE high schools and in comprehensive high schools served by area CTE schools had a larger number of occupational programs available to them than did their peers in comprehensive high schools not served by area CTE schools (10–11 vs. 9 programs).
- As of 2004, 21 percent of public schools with a 12th grade offered career academies. The percentage offering career academies increased as school size increased and as the percentage of minority students in a school increased. Career academies were more common in urban public high schools than in rural public high schools (29 vs. 15 percent).
Career Education Offerings and Credentials
- In 2005, more postsecondary institutions offered programs in health care than in any other career program area: about 3,700 institutions, or 58 percent of all Title IV eligible postsecondary institutions, offered programs in this area. Business and marketing was the second-most-common field, with 3,500 institutions, or 55 percent of all Title IV eligible postsecondary institutions, offering programs in this area. Business and marketing was the most common career program area at 4-year institutions, with 69 percent of these institutions offering programs in this area . Health care was the most common career program area at 2-year institutions (76 percent offered these programs). At less-than-2-year institutions, personal and consumer services programs were the most prevalent (with 52 percent offering these programs).
- More postsecondary institutions offered certificates that took at least 1 year but less than 2 years to complete (1-year certificates) 55 than offered any other type of postsecondary credential in a career field in 2005. In that year, about 3,200 postsecondary institutions—56 percent of all postsecondary career education providers—awarded career certificates that lasted this long. Associate’s degrees and less-than-1-year certificates were the next most widely available credentials, with about 2,500–2,600 institutions (44–46 percent of career education providers) awarding each of these credential types in career fields in 2005.
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