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# Decimals Review for Armed Services Vocational Aptitude Battery (ASVAB) Study Guide (page 4)

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Updated on Jun 23, 2011

To add or subtract decimals, line them up so their decimal points are even. You may want to tack on zeros at the end of shorter decimals so you can keep all your digits evenly lined up. Remember, if a number doesn't have a decimal point, then put one at the end of the number.

Example: 1.23 + 57 + .038
 Line up the numbers like this: Add: 58.268
Example: 1.23 – .038
 Line up the numbers like this: 1.230 Subtract:

#### Try these addition and subtraction problems:

1. .905 + .02 + 3.075
2. .025 + 9 + .4
3. 3.48 – 2.573
4. 123.456 – 122
5. A park ranger drove 3.7 miles to the state park. He then walked 1.6 miles around the park to make sure everything was all right. He got back into the car, drove 2.75 miles to check on a broken light and then drove 2 miles back to the ranger station. How many miles did he drive in total?
1. 8.05
2. 8.45
3. 8.8
4. 10
5. 10.05
6. The average number of emergency room visits at City Hospital fell from 486.4 per week to 402.5 per week. By how many emergency room visits per week did the average fall?
1. 73.9
2. 83
3. 83.1
4. 83.9
5. 84.9

### Multiplying Decimals

To multiply decimals, ignore the decimal points and just multiply the numbers. Then count the total number of decimal digits (the digits to the right of the decimal point) in the numbers you are multiplying. Count off that number of digits in your answer beginning at the right side and put the decimal point to the left of those digits.

Example: 215.7 × 2.4
 Multiply 2,157 times 24: Because there are a total of 2 decimal digits in 215.7 and 2.4, count off 2 places from the right in 51768, placing the decimal point to the left of the last 2 digits: 517.68
Example: .03 × .006
1. Multiply 3 times 6:                                                                                                    3 × 6 = 18
2. You need 5 decimal digits in your answer, so tack on 3 zeros:                                       00018
3. Put the decimal point at the front of the number (which is 5 digits in from the right):      .00018

#### You can practice multiplying decimals with these problems.

1. .05 × .6
2. .062 × 7.3
3. 38.1 × .0184
4. Joe earns \$14.50 per hour. Last week he worked 37.5 hours. How much money did he earn that week?
1. \$518.00
2. \$518.50
3. \$525.00
4. \$536.50
5. \$543.75
5. Nuts cost \$3.50 per pound. Approximately how much will 4.25 pounds of nuts cost?
1. \$12.25
2. \$12.50
3. \$12.88
4. \$14.50
5. \$14.88

### Dividing Decimals

To divide a decimal by a whole number, set up the division and immediately bring the decimal point straight up into the answer Then divide as you would normally divide whole numbers:

Example:

To divide any number by a decimal, there is an extra step to perform before you can divide. Move the decimal point to the very right of the number you are dividing by, counting the number of places you are moving it. Then move the decimal point the same number of places to the right in the number you are dividing into. In other words, first change the problem to one in which you are dividing by a whole number.

Example:
1. 1. Because there are two decimal digits in .06, move the decimal point two places to the right in both numbers and move the decimal point straight up into the answer:
2. 2. Divide using the new numbers:

Under certain conditions, you have to tack on zeros to the right of the last decimal digit in a number you are dividing into:

• if there aren't enough digits for you to move the decimal point to the right
• if the answer doesn't come out evenly when you do the division
• if you are dividing a whole number by a decimal, you will have to tack on the decimal point as well as some zeros.

#### Try your skills on these division problems:

1. If James Worthington drove his truck 92.4 miles in 2.1 hours, what was his average speed in miles per hour?
1. 41
2. 44
3. 90.3
4. 94.5
5. 194.04
2. Mary Sanders walked a total of 18.6 miles in 4 days. On average, how many miles did she walk each day?
1. 4.15
2. 4.60
3. 4.65
4. 22.60
5. 74.40

1. 4
2. 9.425
3. 0.907
4. 1.456
5. b.
6. d.
7. 0.03
8. 0.4526
9. 0.70104
10. e.
11. e.
12. 1.4
13. 128
14. 73
15. 1,400
16. b.
17. c.