Important Reading Vocabulary for Praxis II ParaPro Test Prep Study Guide (page 3)
The reading section of the ParaPro Assessment will test your knowledge of important literary terms. You will be expected to know the bolded words in the following paragraphs. Make sure you are familiar with every one of these terms before taking the test.
An antonym is a word that has an opposite meaning. For example, tall is an antonym of short. It may help to remember the meaning of this word if you consider that ant- is a prefix that means opposite, just as Antarctica means the opposite of the Arctic.
The author of a story is the person who wrote it.
A compound word is a word that is created by putting two words together, such as extraordinary, teacup, or butterfly.
The context of a word, or a context clue, is the area around the word or phrase that helps to determine its meaning. For example, the context clue that helps define frigid in the following sentence is that Jack needed to wear his heavy coat: Because it was so frigid, Jack needed to wear his heavy coat. (Frigid means very cold.)
A consonant is a letter of the alphabet that is not a vowel. The consonants are b, c, d, f, g, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, q, r, s, t, v, w, x, z, and y in words like yes or beyond.
A dictionary is resource that provides the meaning, or definition, of words.
A fact is a statement that can be proven. For example, the sentence Barack Obama was an Illinois senator before he became U.S. President is a fact.
First-person point of view expresses the writer's personal feelings and experiences directly to the reader using these pronouns: I, me, mine; we, our, us. The first person creates a sense of intimacy between the reader and writer because it expresses a subjective point of view.
A homonym is a word that sounds like another word but has a different meaning. For example, two and to are homonyms.
An inference is a conclusion that can be made from given information.
The narrator in a story is the person who is telling the story. Many stories do not have a narrator. If the passage includes a speaker speaking in the first person (using words like I or me), then that speaker is the narrator.
An opinion is a statement that cannot be proven. For example, Fuji apples are the most delicious types of apples is an opinion.
A paragraph is a group of related sentences together in a story. Some of the passages on the ParaPro Assessment will only have one paragraph. Most will have one or two paragraphs.
A prefix is the beginning part of the word that helps identify its meaning. For example, the prefix in the word tripod is tri-, meaning "three." Many words do not have a prefix.
The root of a word is the main part of a word that conveys the word's meaning, without any prefixes or suffixes. For example, the root of disinterested is interest.
Second-person point of view is another personal perspective in which the writer speaks directly to the reader, addressing the reader as you. Writers use the second person to give directions or to make the reader feel directly involved with the argument or action of their message.
A suffix is the ending part of the word that helps identify its meaning. For example, the suffix in the word dogs is -s, meaning that there is more than one dog. Many words do not have a suffix.
A syllable is one sound of a word. For example, the word baseball has two syllables: base- and -ball. Some words with only one sound only have one syllable, such as the words talk and peace.
A synonym is a word that has the same meaning as another word. For example, use and utilize mean essentially the same thing, and are synonyms.
Third-person point of view expresses an impersonal point of view by presenting the perspective of an outsider (a third person) who is not directly involved with the action.
A vowel is a letter of the alphabet that is not a consonant. The vowels are a, e, i, o, u, and y in words like hymn or my. A short vowel sound has a shorter vowel sound like ah, eh, ih or uh in the words lab, egg, big, top, or fun. A long vowel sound has a longer vowel sound like ay, ee, eye, or oh in the words hay, me, bye, or no.
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