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# Reading Skills and Knowledge for Praxis II ParaPro Test Prep Study Guide (page 4)

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Updated on Jul 5, 2011

### Graphic Text

The reading section of the ParaPro Assessment will include several questions about a graphic text, such as a table of contents, chart, table, or index. These questions will make sure that you know how to interpret the information from these graphics. The graphic texts that are part of a book, such as a table of contents or an index, will likely have at least two questions associated with them.

It may help to review how a table of contents and an index are organized. Most textbooks will have these graphics; the table of contents will be at the beginning of the book, and the index should be at the end. Whereas the table of contents will be organized in the order of the book, the index will be arranged alphabetically. Both graphic texts serve to help readers find information quickly and effectively. They also show how the information is organized throughout the resource.

The graphs that appear on the ParaPro Assessment include line graphs, bar graphs, circle graphs, and tables. Each type of graph serves a different purpose. A line graph is generally used to show how data changes over time. A bar graph shows how different amounts are related. A circle graph compares parts to a whole.

Be sure to use the title and the labels for the axes when interpreting the data in one of these types of graphs. These parts of the graph provide critical information to understanding what the graphic is showing. The graph may also include a legend, which is a key that shows what different aspects of the graph means. (For example, a double-bar graph may show the population for two different cities; the legend will explain what each bar stands for.)

A question on the ParaPro Assessment may ask you to find a particular piece of information in the graphic text. It may also ask you to identify the organizational structure of the graphic. Try your hand at the following problem:

1. On which page would you most likely find information about Woodrow Wilson's decision to enter World War I?
1. 24
2. 35
3. 47
4. 49

This question is asking you where you would find not just information about Woodrow Wilson, but specific information about World War I. You can look through the list of subheadings under the main topic, Woodrow Wilson. The subheading that corresponds to WWI is "military involvement." Because the index says that information is on page 47, choice c is the correct answer.

Practice questions for this study guide can be found at:

Reading for Praxis II ParaPro Test Prep Practice Problems