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# Oregon Early Childhood Foundation: Ages Three to Five - Mathematics (page 3)

State: Oregon Department of Education
Updated on Nov 12, 2009

• Ensures there are numerous blocks of various shapes and sizes, and encourages children to identify shapes, sizes and to make comparisons.
• Provides materials and opportunities for children to play with and create designs with pattern blocks, to paint and cut shapes in their artwork, to arrange blocks on the storage shelves by sorting and encourages identifications of shapes in their indoor and outdoor environments.

### Supportive Learning Environments Include

• Numerous and varied purchased and homemade materials that promote the discovery of mathematical principles and concepts such as cut out shapes, varied plastic containers and geometric blocks.

### Early Childhood Foundation: Patterns and Measurement

Children develop knowledge of patterns and measurement by:

• Recognizing and creating patterns
• Duplicating and extending simple patterns
• Using non-standard and standard measurement tools
• Recognizing a variety of measurement types (weight, length, etc.)
• Developing awareness of elements of time

### Indicators: Observable Behaviors

#### The Child

• Recognizes, duplicates and extends simple patterns using a variety of materials.
• Creates original patterns.
• Makes predictions about what might come next in a pattern.
• Explores, compares and describes length, weight or volume using items in the environment (strings, cubes, blocks, sticks, rulers, cartons etc.).
• Shows awareness of time concepts (shows interest in calendar, clock, today, next week, etc. ).

• Talks with children about quantity, comparisons and time as they play and interact with materials throughout the day.
• Demonstrates and encourages children to explore a variety of ways to measure things. (“This shelf is four books tall.”).
• Encourages children to “guess” or “predict” what will come next in a pattern or sequence of events.

### Supportive Learning Environments Include

• Numerous and varied materials that include size, texture, color and shapes that can be used for sorting, comparing and measuring.
• Standard measuring tools (rulers, measuring tapes and cups, scales, etc.).