Measuring Students’ Self-Efficacy in Bullying Situations (page 2)

By — Bullying Special Edition Contributor
Updated on Jul 11, 2011


The following section highlights the demographics of our study:

  • 152 elementary students in grades 3-5 from a rural southeastern public school
  • 82 (54%) female and 69 (45%) male students with 1 (1%) who did not report gender
  • 117 (76%) Caucasian/White, 21 (14%) African-American, 6 (4%) Hispanic, 3 (2%) Asian/Pacific Islander, 4 (3%) Other, and 1 (1%) who did not report ethnicity.


As found in the previous study (8), data analyses revealed the following three subscales:

  • Knowledge items asking about children’s confidence about their knowledge of bullying;
  • Action items assessing confidence about taking an action towards a bully;
  • Social Resource items tapping the students’ confidence in their ability to gain assistance from others about bullying.

Data analyses also revealed relationships between the KBSES and other scales measuring self efficacy and bullying victimization. For example, higher scores on the Confidence Scale reflect students’ confidence that they can use non-violent strategies. As predicted, higher scores on this scale (reflecting higher confidence) were associated with higher scores on each of the subscales from the KBSES (reflecting higher self-efficacy). On the other hand, the Victimization Scale measuring students’ reports of being victimized showed no relationship to scores on the KBSES.

The top five items for high and low self-efficacy are presented below in Tables 1 & 2. These two tables illustrate which behaviors students felt the most and least self-efficacy for coping with bullying victimization.

Table 1: Top 5 High Self-Efficacy Items Percentage
Tell an adult you are being bullied 71%
Get help when you are bullied 70%
Know when your friends are bullying you or teasing you 69%
Know what to do when someone is bullying you 65%
Walk away from a bully 65%

An example from Table 1 shows that 71% of the students who answered the item “How sure are you that you can tell an adult you are being bullied” reported high self-efficacy for being able to tell an adult. Of the top 5 high self-efficacy items, two were Social Resources items, two were Action items, and one was a Knowledge item.


Table 2: Top 5 Low Self-Efficacy Items

Talk to a bully 43%
Talk about your feelings with your teachers about bullying 39%
Know what to do if someone is bullying you online 38%
Know if you are being bullied online 35%
Confront a bully 34%

An example from Table 2 indicates that 43% of the students who answered the item “How sure are you that you can talk to a bully” reported that they were not confident in their ability to talk to a bully. Of the top 5 low self-efficacy items, two were Action items, two were Knowledge items, and one was a Social Resources item.

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