Reading - Organization Questions for CBEST Exam Study Guide
Passages on the CBEST are always organized logically. Learning to recognize that organization may also give you some ideas on organizing your essays in the Writing section. In this lesson, you'll learn about two types of organization questions: structure and misplaced sentences.
Structure questions have stems (the question part) that start out like these:
- Which of the following best represents the arrangement of the passage?
- Which of the following best describes the organization of the passage?
- The sequence of the passage is best represented by which of the following?
Where to Find Structure Answers in the Passage
To answer structure questions, you will need to skim the passage carefully enough to discover the gist of each sentence; that is, whether it is a statistic, an example, a quote, an opinion, and so on.
Sample Passage and Questions
Try the six Success Steps on the structure questions that follow this passage.
Many extended-time programs use heterogeneous grouping of multi-age and/or multi-ability students. Mixed-ability grouping is based on the theory that lower-ability students benefit from working in small groups with their higher-achieving peers, and high-ability students reinforce their knowledge by sharing with their lower-achieving peers. Researchers also have found that multi-age grouping benefits students' mental health as well as academic achievement and contributes to positive attitudes toward school.
Because the voluntary nature of participation in an extended-time program results in a range of student ages and skills, heterogeneous groups may result naturally. Often, however, extended-time program planners arrange groups so that high- and low-ability students work together—with the expectation of cooperative rather than competitive learning. In Chicago's ASPIRA program, students are selected for participation with a goal of mixing high achievers and at-risk participants, and these groups work together closely in all activities.
- Which of the following best describes the structure of the passage?
- The passage begins with a hypothesis, and then gives an explanation and support for this theory.
- The passage starts with a main idea, gives an example, and then draws a conclusion.
- The passage opens with an introduction to the topic, then gives a more detailed account of the topic.
- The passage begins with a statement, supports that statement with research, and gives real life examples.
- The passage begins with an event and then continues the narrative.
- Which of the following would be the best outline for the passage?
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