Reading Nonfiction Practice Exercises: GED Language Arts, Reading
The study guide for these practice questions can be found at:
Read the following passages and answer their related questions.
The following is the Gettysburg Address, delivered by Abraham Lincoln in 1863.
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.
Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation, so conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battlefield of that war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we should do this.
But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate—we can not consecrate—we can not hallow—this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us—that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotion—that we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain—that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom—and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth.
- How many years prior to this speech had the United States become independent?
- What is the occasion at which Lincoln gave this speech?
- the end of the Civil War
- the beginning of the Civil War
- to address the atrocities of war
- to dedicate a graveyard for those fallen in battle at Gettysburg
- The occasion is not stated.
- What does the word hallow mean?
- to carve out the center of something
- to make something holy or sacred
- It was a form of greeting in the 1800s.
- It is a valley between mountains.
- It is a color.
- Why does Lincoln say that "we cannot consecrate… this ground"?
- because the men who gave their lives have already done so
- because ground cannot be consecrated
- because the Civil War hasn't ended yet
- He doesn't say that; he says the opposite.
- He doesn't address this question.
- What is the unfinished work that Lincoln refers to in the third paragraph?
- finishing the work on the cemetery
- remembering their names in the future
- freeing the slaves
- finishing the Civil War
- ensuring the future of the United States
- What is the last full measure of devotion mentioned in the third paragraph?
- living a good life
- being loyal to yourself
- giving one's life for one's country
- performing some act of service for charity
- It is not stated.
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