Education.com
Try
Brainzy
Try
Plus

The Stages of Developmental Spelling and Levels of English Language Development

By — Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall
Updated on Jul 20, 2010
Developmental Stage Descriptors Examples Corresponding ELD Level (Recommended Strategies)
Precommunicative
  • Scribbling can be representational
  • Understands speech can be written
  • Lacks concept of a word
  • Makes letterlike shapes
  • May write name
(random scribbles, marks, or drawings)

Beginning

(Strategies: letter and word recognition)

Semiphonetic
  • Spells few words correctly but knows letters make words
  • Still invents symbols for letters and words
  • Makes 1- to 3-letter representations of words, usually consonants
  • Has more control over beginnings and endings of words
  • Predicts words auditorially in frequently occurring patterns
mtr

Beginning, Early Intermediate

(Strategies: letter and word recognition, word sorting

Phonetic
  • Spellings include all sound features of words as heard
  • Invents system of phonetic spelling that is consistent
  • Understands relationship of sounds in speech to symbols in writing
  • Spelling can be read by others

mostar

monstr

Early Intermediate, Intermediate

(Strategies: word sorts, identify structural patterns, word families)

Transitional
  • Begins to spell conventionally and knows it is necessary for others to read their writing
  • Uses knowledge of how words look as well as sound and applies this to other words
  • Includes vowels in every syllable
  • Uses familiar spelling patterns
  • Intersperses conventional spelling with invented spelling

monstar

monstur

monstir

monstor

Early Advanced

(Strategies: continue word sorts, patterns, families; add word study systematic rule building)

Conventional
  • Begins to spell correctly
  • Has mastered root words, past tense, and short vowels
  • Still struggles with consonant doubling, letter position, and word affixes
  • Has growing knowledge of word meanings and complicated vowel patterns
monster

Early Advanced, Advanced

(Strategies: word study, systematic rule building, etymologies, roots, parts of speech)

Morphemic/Syntactic
  • Increasingly understands how meaning and grammatical structure control spelling
  • Adds morphemic and syntactic knowledge to phonological knowledge
  • Is better at doubling consonants, spelling alternative forms of words, and word endings
  • Conducts wordplay in creative ways
"Monster, schmonster, it doesn't scare me."

Advanced

(Strategies: same as above; encourage wordplay

Add your own comment
DIY Worksheets
Make puzzles and printables that are educational, personal, and fun!
Matching Lists
Quickly create fun match-up worksheets using your own words.
Word Searches
Use your own word lists to create and print custom word searches.
Crossword Puzzles
Make custom crossword puzzles using your own words and clues.
See all Worksheet Generators

Washington Virtual Academies

Tuition-free online school for Washington students.

SPONSORED