Grammar Lesson: Subject-Verb Agreement Situations (page 2)
Here are some important rules and situations regarding subject-verb agreement.
- Singular nouns and pronouns use the contraction doesn't while plural nouns and pronouns use the contraction don't.
- This piece doesn't look like the one we need. (singular noun subject)
- He doesn't need to exercise that frequently. (singular pronoun subject)
- These occasions don't need to be photographed. (plural noun subject)
- They don't remember your saying that. (plural pronoun subject)
- A collective noun (a name that refers to a group of people, animals, or things, though they are singular in form) can be used as a singular or plural noun.
- If the collective noun refers to a unit or as a whole, use a singular verb and pronoun.
- The squad is meeting this afternoon. Its president is Kanisha. (Squad is considered a unit since all of its members will be meeting as a unit. Thus, Its [not Their] is an appropriate pronoun reference.)
- When a group is considered as individuals, the collective noun is plural.
- The squad brought their notebooks. (Squad refers to individual members so the pronoun their is warranted.)
- Some nouns that look as if they are plural take singular verbs and pronouns. These nouns include civics, economics, genetics, gymnastics, mathematics, news, physics, social studies, and others.
- Physics is a challenging subject for Mitch because it demands much time and intelligence. (It is a pronoun reference to physics.)
- Social studies is an interesting subject.
Note: Avoid using contractions in formal writing. Contractions are allowable in dialogue.
An expression of an amount, including fractions, measurements, percentages, and time periods, can be singular or plural depending on its use.
- Two-sixths equals one-third. (Two-sixths is considered a single unit.)
- Sixteen hours is a very long time to wait. (Sixteen hours is a unit of time, one block of time according to the sentence.)
- Five dollars were left on the table. (These are five separate dollars; use the plural verb, were.)
- Two-thirds of the drummers are practicing. (Drummers is plural; use the plural verb, are.)
A verb that precedes the sentence's subject agrees with the subject in number. In the following sentences, the verb is in italics, and the subject is underlined.
- Here is a fortune cookie for you. (singular subject and verb)
- There are seven board games over there. (plural subject and verb)
The title of a book, city, country, film, magazine, organization, painting, sculpture, or song that is plural still takes a singular verb. (The italicized subjects and the underlined verbs below are singular.)
- Des Moines is Iowa's capital city.
- The Rolling Stones was my uncle's favorite rock group.
When a relative pronoun, such as that, which, or who, starts an adjective clause, the clause's verb agrees in number with the noun or pronoun to which the relative pronoun refers.
- The woman who is directing the chorus is Ms. Linden. (Who refers to the singular noun, woman.)
- The ladies who are singing together are Kate and Moe. (Who takes a plural verb, are, because it refers back to ladies, a plural noun.)
Activity 1- Making the Wrong Right
- Each of these fifteen sentences includes an incorrect subject-verb agreement. Without changing the subject, make the necessary verb change.
- One of my friends are here in this room with the rest of us.
- The pillow are too hard on my neck.
- These oranges from Florida is juicy.
- A few of the painters at that table has finished their work.
- Before she started her workout, Lupita were listening to the broadcast.
- The university officials is now admitting more students.
- Proponents favors this new methodology of training doctors how to be more receptive to their patients' concerns.
- Then the physician insert the fluid into the other vial.
- The film festival that was held in the mountains were well attended.
- Concert attendees admires that singer who really knows how to entertain her audience members.
- The number of graduates are higher this year.
- The people in our neighborhood in Queens is very friendly.
- You does not have to be at the gate that early.
- Some soldiers is on our train heading for Portland, Oregon.
- They does not have the winning ticket in last night's lottery.
Activity 2- Knowing Your Subject-Verb Agreement
Underline the correct verb in each sentence.
- These cards that (is, are) missing from the deck should be around here someplace.
- Each star on these maps (indicate, indicates) a newborn’s home.
- Melinda’s new jeans (is, are) quite comfortable.
- Tuesdays with Morrie (make, makes) me think, cry, and appreciate life.
- The club’s officers (meet, meets) today at noon in the café.
- The cat that (has, have) been adopted is very playful.
- The group (leave, leaves) for each game as a unified team.
- The group members (leave, leaves) in separate cars.
- Ken’s family (exchange, exchanges) gifts with one another each holiday season.
- Forensics (capture, captures) my interest.
- Maureen, along with her three friends, (attend, attends) concerts.
- The Fifties (is, are) the decade that some refer to as "Happy Days."
- Tonight’s news (is, are) not that exciting.
- (Is, Are) the scissors near you, Antonio?
- The exercises which (has, have) been recommended to you will increase your stamina.
- Friends who (help, helps) you are good friends indeed.
- My new pants (need, needs) to be altered.
- This is the Web site that (provide, provides) much useful information.
- All who (attend, attends) this meeting will receive a free ticket to the movie.
- Robotics (is, are) a topic that James will soon study.
Activity 3- Subject-Verb Agreement Parade
How well do you know your subject-verb agreement rules? Here are twenty sentences that will test your knowledge of these rules. Underline the correct verb in each sentence.
- One-tenth of the test papers (has, have) been collected.
- Mathematics (is, are) Harold's most challenging subjects.
- Where (is, are) your books, Princess?
- They (doesn't, don't) recall that incident.
- Carrots (is, are) a good source of nutrition.
- Only one-fourth of your time in the library (was, were) spent productively.
- One-third of the participants (has, have) their cards.
- There (is, are) only one dollar left in the box.
- Where (is, are) your backpack, Carlos?
- Lyle (doesn't, don't) want to order the food just yet.
- Fifteen dollars (was, were) my change from the purchase.
- Twelve days (is, are) left for you to register for the new semester.
- All of the senators at today's session (wasn't, weren't) happy with what happened.
- Three dimes (is, are) at the bottom of the pool.
- Twenty percent of the order (has, have) been delivered.
- His statistics (is, are) fabulous.
- Statistics (is, are) my first-period class.
- Here (is, are) some advice for you, Ty.
- There (is, are) at least three reasons why you should join the organization.
- Three-fourths of the process (has, have) been completed.
Activity 4- Practicing Agreement
Practice using correct agreement by writing sentences that satisfy these directions. Write your answers on a separate sheet of paper.
- Write a sentence using and to join a singular and a plural pronoun.
- Write a sentence that starts with "Most of the animals … "
- Write a sentence in which the plural pronoun them refers back to the subject.
- Write a sentence using Anybody as the sentence's subject.
- Write a sentence using Physics as the sentence's subject.
- Write a sentence using the pair of correlative conjunctions, both and and.
- Write a sentence using a male pronoun that refers back to the subject.
- Write a sentence starting with "My favorite team… "
- Write a sentence using Here as the sentence's first word.
- Write a sentence using a single subject joined with a plural subject by the coordinating conjunction or.