Teaching Strategies for the Classroom
Keeping Students Engaged at the Front of the Classroom
There are a variety of teaching tools that can be used to deliver instruction. Utilizing them correctly will maximize their potential as they assist you and your students in your presentations. Your choice of teaching tools will depend on the options available at your school site, but it should further reflect your own preferences.
Whether you use a chalkboard or a whiteboard, it is at the board where most of the direct instruction takes place in the classroom.
- Keep the board easily accessible.
- Make the board the focal point of the room. All students should be able to see it easily.
- Post your name, the date, the daily agenda, key standards to be covered, and the student count (boys, girls, total) every day.
- Tips and tricks to help you maximize the benefit of the board in your classroom include the following:
- Flat paintbrushes work well for cleaning chalk trays, allowing you to sweep the chalk dust directly into a dustpan.
- Old socks make great erasers for whiteboards.
- You can remove permanent marker from a whiteboard by tracing over the marks with a dry-erase marker and then erasing it.
- Some boards are magnetic, which makes them a handy place for temporarily posting student work, instructional charts, or posters. Keep the magnets in one corner for easy access.
Screens are needed for projection when using an ELMO projector, LCD projector, document reader, or overhead projector. Screens are permanently installed in many classrooms.
- Use a whiteboard to project onto, if one is available.
- Project onto butcher paper if no screen or whiteboard is available.
- Test the setup before using it, adjusting the distance and focus of the equipment.
Geography is very important, but it is often lacking in the daily curriculum. Using maps can be a fun and interactive way for students to learn geography.
- Check the maps that are available in your classroom. Are they relevant to the curriculum?
- Make good use of the state, continent, and world maps that are often attached to the top of the chalkboard, whiteboard, or bulletin board for easy access.
- Practice using maps, and have the students interact with them as well.
- Know your map terminology: legend or key, scale, compass rose, longitude, and latitude.
- Choose a location and challenge students to find it. “Where is Fiji?” Make this a daily challenge. Students can also research the location, for example, “What industries are in Fiji?” “What do Fijians eat?” “What language do they speak in Fiji?”
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