Visual-perceptual Weaknesses Associated with Academic Delays

By — Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall
Updated on Jul 20, 2010

Visual-Perceptual Weaknesses

  • Slow to discriminate shapes, as in trying to put a circle into a square hole (visual discrimination problem)
  • Confuses left and right
  • Poor spatial judgment, as in discriminating bigger from smaller objects or the right screw to fit into a hole
  • Difficulty estimating time, being on time
  • Poor sense of direction (takes forever to learn one's way around a new place; gets lost in a new house)
  • Difficulty judging speed and distance (as in athletic activities, driving a car)
  • Poor visual imagery; can't perceive the end product in puzzles and mazes, or becomes confused with computer game graphics
  • Difficulty conceptualizing higher-level math concepts
  • Trouble interpreting maps, graphs, charts, and diagrams
  • Trouble perceiving the body language and subtleties in social communication; doesn't pick up on others' moods and feelings
  • Trouble getting the main idea or focusing on the whole; focuses on details instead
  • A busy background interferes with focusing on the most important stimulus, as in busy worksheets or spotting one's friend in a crowd (figure-ground problem)
  • Trouble finding embedded figures, as in a word search or spotting a keyword in a paragraph
  • Poor visual memory for shapes and sequences of objects, letters, and numbers
  • Trouble choosing a missing piece to complete a figure or design (as in a puzzle) or spotting a critical element in a story
  • Trouble perceiving which pieces fit together to make a whole, as in a model or developing a story line
  • Often loses things, cannot spot objects "in plain sight"
  • Difficulty spotting errors in one's own work
  • Difficulty planning and organizing one's day or work
  • Difficulty perceiving strategies for success in games

Motor Functions That Can Be Affected by Visual- Perceptual Weaknesses

  • Delays in learning to copy designs and letters; many inaccuracies
  • Slow and poorly executed handwriting; dislikes and avoids writing
  • Papers are messy and incomplete; many crossouts and erasures
  • Difficulty remembering shapes of letters and numbers, and which way they face when writing (reversals and rotations)
  • Uneven spacing between letters and words
  • Plans space poorly when drawing, doing projects, copying
  • Omits letters from words and words from sentences when writing or copying
  • Poor spelling because can't remember how words should look (spells phonetically)
  • Poor alignment of math problems results in computation errors
  • Poor drawing of human figures
  • Poor manual skills and sloppy work
  • Clumsy gait and body movements (bumps into furniture and doorways)
  • Slow reaction time (as in slowness reacting to a traffic signal change or yelling "bingo")
  • Poor balance due to spatial judgment problems
  • Awkward finer-motor movements, as in typing
  • Performance IQ lower than Verbal IQ

Language Functions That Can Be Affected by Visual- Perceptual Weaknesses

  • Misreads similar-looking letters and words (b and d, m and w, bread and beard)
  • Reversal of letter sequences in reading and spelling (was and saw; on and no)
  • Difficulty recognizing and remembering sight words, but can sound out words phonetically
  • Loses place when reading
  • Has trouble finding letters in words or words in sentences
  • Poor memory for printed words, number sequences, diagrams, maps, illustrations
  • Poor comprehension of main ideas and themes
  • Confuses "right" and "left"
  • Difficulty memorizing math facts, formulas, equations
  • Trouble "getting to the point" (becomes bogged down in details; can describe portico of a building but not the building's overall style and shape)
Add your own comment
DIY Worksheets
Make puzzles and printables that are educational, personal, and fun!
Matching Lists
Quickly create fun match-up worksheets using your own words.
Word Searches
Use your own word lists to create and print custom word searches.
Crossword Puzzles
Make custom crossword puzzles using your own words and clues.