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Mentos and Diet Coke Experiment

based on 108 ratings
Author: Jane Healey

Carbon dioxide is the chemical compound that consists of two oxygen atoms bonded to a carbon atom. Carbon dioxide creates the bubbles in soda. The goal of this project is to explore the eruption of carbon dioxide when the candy Mentos dissolves in Diet Coke.

Problem:

Observe and explain the Mentos and Diet Coke experiment.

Materials:

  • Mentos mint candy
  • Diet cola
  • A variety of containers with varying sized opening
  • A narrow test tube wide enough to fit the candy [Klutz and others make a delivery contraption that is easier.]
  • Logbook

Procedure:

  1. Stack the Mentos candies (approx. half a roll) in the test tube.
  2. Cover the opening of the test tube with an index card or similar slim, small paper.
  3. Invert the test tube, holding the cover in place.
  4. Place the soda bottle outside in and area that can get dirty.
  5. Open the soda and place the index card over the bottle opening.
  6. Pull the index card away swiftly, dropping the candies into the soda. Be prepared: the eruption happens quickly, so back up fast!
  7. Observe the eruption—height, trajectory, duration, etc. Record your observations in a logbook.
  8. Repeat the process, varying the opening that the soda erupts from. For example, cut the bottle top to increase the diameter an inch or more. Alternatively, dispense the soda into a vase or pitcher. Or, attach plastic piping or tubing to extend the opening’s neck. Be sure to measure the diameters for each eruption.
  9. Observe each eruption, recording the details and compare the results.

Container

Height
 
Trajectory
Duration
Description
Soda Bottle
10 ft
Straight up
5 sec
All fizz shooting out in one strong plume.
Cut Soda Bottle +2cm
8 ft
Slight bend or lilt to one side.
3 sec
Wider and sloppier than previous.
Soda Bottle with 6 cm CV Pipe
13 ft
Thin and high
5 sec
Fizz that’s almost like a mist.

 

This experiment can be visually displayed with photos or videos of the event and a graph of the table’s results.

 

Why?

The Mentos candy gelatin and gum arabic create an energy that breaks the surface tension of the soda. The pits on the candy coating act as conduits for carbon dioxide bubbles that form immediately when the candy hits the soda, increasing its fizziness. When the candy hits the bottom of the bottle, the gas is released and pushes the soda from the bottle up in the air in an amazing eruption!

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