5. Encourage Your Kid to Categorize by Characteristic
Why might your preschooler call a goat a dog? At age 4, your child might categorize an item by just one feature rather than considering other characteristics. (For example, she might call a goat a dog because it is four-legged and furry.) Ask your child plenty of questions about why she put an item into a certain group. Be patient with her as she hones her reasoning skills.