Help Your Kid Navigate the 5 Stages of Spelling

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3. Help Her Learn Within-Word Pattern Spelling

Seven- to nine-year-olds start learning about long- and short-vowel words, common vowel sounds ("ew" in "sew"),  and complex consonant sounds ("tch" in "itch").

Flashcards are a great way to help your child get the grasp of within-word pattern spelling. Think up different categories (e.g. "words that have a long 'a' sound," "words that end in '-tch'"), then brainstorm with your child to think of words that fit in that group.