Introduce your first grade learner to the exciting and descriptive world of adjectives with this grammar lesson plan. Adjectives are words that describe nouns (such as the word “adorable” in the phrase “adorable adjectives”). They are a fundamental part of speech and, when used correctly, can truly elevate a child’s reading and writing skills. After learning all about adjectives and the important role they play, children will practice identifying adjectives in sentences before coming up with their own adjectives to describe images using complete sentences.
- Students will be able to use adjectives in complete sentences to describe a variety of images.
- On the board, write several phrases with adjectives. For example: "fuzzy caterpillar," "scruffy pirate," "happy puppy," or "sweet apple." Write at least eight sets.
- Tell the students that they will learn about adjectives. Explain that adjectives are words that describe, or tell about, other words.
- Draw their attention to the board, slowly and deliberately read each set of words.
- Go back to the first phrase. Point to the adjective and draw a line underneath it. Tell the students that this word is an adjective because it describes the noun beside it.
- Repeat this process with the next two phrases.
- From the fourth phrase onward, let the students identify each adjective.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Use a piece of tape or magnet to display one of the printed images on the board.
- Below the image, write a word that describes it. For example, you could write "colorful" underneath a picture of a parrot.
- Put up another image. Now, let the students give you words that describe that image. Allow them to use adjective phrases as well, e.g. "sharp beak."
- Write each accurate suggestion below the image.
- Take one of the adjectives or adjective phrases and use it in a sentence. For example, "The parrot has a very sharp beak." Underline the adjective and (if applicable) circle the noun it describes.
- Repeat this process for the other suggestions.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Organize the class into equal groups.
- Place the rest of the printed images face-down on a table and fan them out.
- Have each group select a captain.
- Walk to each group and let its captain choose a sheet.
- Once each group has a picture, have the captains turn the sheets over.
- Task students to share aloud words that describe their assigned picture and discuss their words with their group members.
- Have them write their words within the margins of the sheet.
- After about 10 minutes, let the captains show their pictures and read the adjectives each group member wrote.
- Give each group a small notebook. Tell them to choose two of their words to use in sentences, and have them write the sentences in their notebooks.
- Before beginning their writing task, instruct students to use adjectives in complete sentences orally to describe the pictures.
- Visit groups as they work, giving assistance or comments where necessary.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Have students choose images from the remaining sheets to describe independently.
- Each student should write at least three adjectives or adjective phrases and use at least two of them in sentences.
- Remind students to underline the adjectives and circle the words they describe. Walk around the room to give assistance as needed.
- Advanced students can be asked to also write exclamatory and interrogative sentences with their words.
- Visit struggling students and guide them through writing their sentences.
An interactive whiteboard or document camera and projector may be used to display the printed images.
- Check the sentences students wrote to assess their comprehension of the lesson content.
- Monitor students' discussion and their use of adjectives to determine if they can use them correctly in complete sentences.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Allow volunteers to present their complete sentences from their independent work time aloud with the class. Have listeners identify the adjective the presenter used in the sentence.
- Go back and revisit the activity completed in the Introduction. Read each description and highlight the adjectives.