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Students will be able to identify and use adverbs as modifiers to express time, place, manner, degree, and frequency.
- Write a sentence on the board with no modifiers (e.g. The kid walks.)
- Ask a student to come act out the sentence.
- Add an adverb to the sentence (e.g. The kid walks quickly), and have the student act it out again.
- Change the adverb and, once more, have the student act it out.
- Underline the adverb in the sentence and label it as an adverb.
- Tell students that today we are going to learn about adverbs.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Ask students how adding an adverb changed the initial sentence. Support them to understand that adverbs made the sentence more specific.
- Tell students that an adverb is a descriptive word that modifies or qualifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Adverbs express a time, place, manner, degree, or frequency.
- Write the definition on the board.
- Use a projector to display the Make a Deposit in Your Adverb Word Bank worksheet. Read through each section aloud.
- Label the first section manner, the second section time & frequency, the third section place, and the final section degree.
- Ask your students to volunteer other adverbs that can be added to each section and write them on the word bank. (Tip: Keep the word bank displayed through the remainder of the lesson.)
- Write an example sentence in each section (e.g. Joe cheerfully jumped out of bed; I'll take out the garbage later; The dog is playing outside; She is very excited for the party.) Underline the adverb in each example sentence.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Hand out the All Kinds of Adverbs worksheet.
- Review the top section of the worksheet with the class, reading each definition aloud to reinforce student understanding.
- Model how to complete the first sentence by filling in the blank with an adverb that expresses manner. Show students how you can use the word bank to find an adverb to complete the sentence (e.g. cheerfully).
- Ask a student volunteer to choose a word from the appropriate section in the word bank to complete the second sentence. Support the student as needed so that they are successful.
- Instruct students to work with an elbow partner to complete the remainder of the worksheet, using the word bank as a tool to complete each sentence.
- Invite a student to read a sentence aloud from their completed worksheet. Repeat with several sentences.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Hand out a sheet of lined paper to each student.
- Have students fold or divide their paper into four sections.
- Instruct students how to label each section: Label the first section 'manner', the second section 'time & frequency', the third section 'place', and the final section 'degree'.
- Instruct students to independently write a sentence in each section, using an adverb in the way specified. Remind students to underline the adverb in each sentence.
- Circulate and offer support as needed.
- Allow students to continue using the word bank as a tool while they work independently.
- Offer students additional practice with a basic worksheet that includes pictures, such as the All About Adverbs: Describing How, When, and Where worksheet.
- Use this and other adverb lesson plans (such as the Pantomime: An Adverb Game lesson plan) to reinforce struggling students' understanding of grammar.
- Have students read a piece of text and underline each adverb that they find.
- Play an ad-lib game or provide a similar style activity that focuses on adverbs, such as the Ad-Lib Stories: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives and Adverbs worksheet.
- This adverb lesson plan can be followed up with a digital game that reinforces the skills learned, such as Saturday Mystery: Choosing Adjectives and Adverbs.
- Hand out a blank index card to each student.
- Have students write their name on one side of the card and a simple sentence with no adverbs on the other side (e.g. I ran to class).
- Collect and shuffle the cards. Hand them out to students so that they do not have their own card.
- Instruct students to add an adverb to the sentence they received (e.g. I ran downstairs to class).
- Collect the cards and shuffle them again. Then hand them out so that, again, students receive a new card.
- Tell students to identify how the adverb was used in the sentence they received (i.e. to express manner, place, frequency, or degree).
- Return the cards to the original student (whose name is on the back).
- Invite students to read the sentences on their cards aloud.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Show students a short music video, such as Do You Qualify? by Grammaropolis, to review the concepts that were covered in the lesson.