All Long Vowels Please Stand Up!
In this reading and writing lesson plan, All Long Vowels Please Stand Up!, first graders will practice differentiating between long and short vowel sounds in an entertaining game show format. First, children will learn (or review) the long vowel rule that long vowels say their name (such as in acorn, ear, ice cream, oval, and unicycle), as well as the macron and breve marks that distinguish between long and short vowels. After reviewing, learners are ready to put their knowledge of letter-sound relationships to the test in a rousing game of Will the Real Long Vowel Please Stand Up?
Students will distinguish short from long vowel sounds in a game show format.
- Announce that today long vowels are here to appear in a game show called Will the Real Long Vowel Please Stand Up? Explain that short vowels will try to fool us into believing they are the real long vowel words.
- Introduce the Long Vowel Picture Card words from the set displayed on the board.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Explain the long vowel rule: all long vowels say their names. Write the word ate on the board and write a macron to make it ā. Point out that the macron is like a hat that the vowel tips to introduce itself and say its name: “Hi, I’m A.”
- Erase the e on the word ate. Erase the macron mark and replace it with a breve mark, ă. Explain that we use the breve to show short vowels.
- Point out that sometimes it’s hard to figure out which vowel is short and which vowel is long. Sometimes the silent e will help us, like in the word ate.
- Point to each Long Vowel Picture Card and ask students to echo-read each card as you say it. These pictures will help the students decide what game cards are long or short.
- Read the key words, the Vowel Picture Card Words. Ask students to stand after each word is read.
Guided Practice(20 minutes)
- Introduce the Will the Real Long Vowel Please Stand Up? game by playing a practice round. Follow the directions on the Practice Vowel Game Card Pairs worksheet.
- Review the practice game. If errors were made, refer to the Long Vowel Picture Cards to sound out the vowel in each mistaken word.
- Play the game. Follow the directions on the Vowel Game Card Pairs worksheet.
- If mistakes are made, refer to the Long Vowel Picture Cards to reteach sounds.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Distribute the Long Vowels quiz and read the directions aloud.
- Rotate around the room to monitor understanding as students complete the quiz.
- Enrichment: Challenge students to create additional long vowel picture cards. Students can also write rhyming long vowel sentences. For example: The crate was a great place for a pet.
- Support: Distribute less challenging word cards to struggling readers. Make extra copies of the Long Vowel Picture Cards and allow students to use it during the game. Reduce the number of Long Vowel quiz items required from eight to four and select less challenging word choices for students who struggle.
- Use quiz words to review and check for correct responses by having student volunteers read each word of a chosen quiz item aloud. The other students stand when a long vowel is heard.
- Collect quizzes for a percentage grade for your grade book.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Read the Long Vowel Picture Cards as a class.
- Ask students to share with a partner one new short vowel word learned today.