Are You a Producer or a Consumer?
Students will be able to identify the consumers and producers in a community and their functions.
- Ask your students to list items that their families like to buy.
- Discuss items that they buy to meets their needs for food, shelter, and clothing. Identify these items as goods.
- Next, ask your students to name some services their families pay for, such as haircuts.
- Review with students that goods are things people make or use to satisfy others' needs and wants.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling(15 minutes)
- Tell your students that people who use services and goods are called consumers, and people typically pay money to receive goods and services.
- Define producers as people who provide or make goods and services for consumers.
- Draw 2 boxes on the whiteboard or chart paper.
- Label one box Goods and the other Services.
- Ask student volunteers to give examples of goods and services people pay for, and put their answers in the appropriate boxes.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling(10 minutes)
- Ask your students to explain some of the chores they do around their house.
- Discuss how parents provide many services around the house without pay, such as cooking and cleaning. Potential guiding questions include: What services do your parents perform to help you out? Do they cook for you? Do they clean?
- Ask your students to further identify services that people use. Great discussion questions include: Why are the work or services people do in a family important? What are some other goods and services your families consume from outside of the family?
Independent Working Time(15 minutes)
- Hand out construction paper.
- Ask your students to draw a line down the middle and label one side Producer and one side Consumer.
- Direct your students to list and illustrate 4 types of producers in the Producer column.
- Ask students to write the services or goods provided by the producers.
- In the Consumer column, instruct your students to list who would use or consume the services or goods listed across from them.
- Enrichment: Direct your students to create a list of producers and consumers in a family community and in the school community. Ask them to write a paragraph comparing the similarities and differences from the two communities.
- Support: Give your students one example, such as buying milk. Ask your students to identify who the consumer or producer is in this situation.
- Collect independent work to assess.
Review and Closing(10 minutes)
- Ask for volunteers to come up in front of the class to discuss what they wrote.
- Create an imagined city, and ask your students to come up with a list of consumers and producers in the city.