Are You Connected to Me?
Students will be able to categorize shapes that contain common characteristics. Students will be able to draw and recognize attributes of a quadrilateral, trapezoid, kite, parallelogram, rhombus, rectangle, and square.
- Write the word quadrilateral on the board.
- Ask students to tell you what they think it means.
- Explain to your students that they will learn about the different types of quadrilaterals today.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling(40 minutes)
- Explain that a quadrilateral is a four sided shape.
- Instruct students to draw this on top of their papers, label it, and write 4 sided shape inside it. Model this on the board.
- Explain that there are 3 types of quadrilaterals. Instruct students to draw 3 arrows underneath the quadrilateral and draw, label, and define those 3 shapes. Model this for all shapes on the board that you cover.
- Tell your students that the first shape is a parallelogram, or a 4 sided shape with equal opposite sides. Point to the parallelogram on the board and show students the equal sides.
- Explain that the second shape is a trapezoid. Explain that the top and bottom sides are parallel. Point to the parallel sides. Explain that the top and bottom sides are parallel. Point to the opposite sides on the board.
- Tell your students that the third type is a kite. Explain that the short sides are equal, and the long sides are equal. Explain that the diagonals form right triangles. Draw the triangles on the kite.
- Instruct students to draw 2 arrows under the parallelogram. Explain that there are 2 types of parallelograms.
- Explain that the first type is a rectangle, and the second type is a rhombus.
- Remind them that for both, the opposite sides are equal, but the rectangle has 4 right angles.
- Tell your students that the rhombus has 4 right triangles and all sides are equal.
- Explain that there is one shape that falls under a rectangle and rhombus. Explain that it is a square because it has 4 right angles and 4 equal sides.
- Tell your students that a shape under the arrow shares all the qualities of the shape above it. For example: A square is a rectangle, parallelogram, and a quadrilateral. A rectangle is a parallelogram and quadrilateral, and a parallelogram is a quadrilateral.
- Point to the shapes when you explain the above bullet point to make sure that students are following the chart!
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling(10 minutes)
- Instruct students to complete the Naming Quadrilaterals worksheet.
- Go over the worksheet as a class.
Independent Working Time(20 minutes)
- Hand each student 7 index cards.
- Instruct students to write the name and picture of each shape on the front of the card and the characteristics on the back of the card.
- Direct students to use the chart to help them.
- Ask students to display their cards in a chart format.
- Walk around to see if students have done it correctly.
- Enrichment: Instruct students to create a picture using the shapes they've learned about. Instruct them to label each shape on their picture.
- Support: Explain to students that the quadrilateral is like a great-grandmother, and the parallelogram, trapezoid, and kite are the grandparents. Explain that rectangle and rhombus are the parallelogram's kids. Help your students understand the relationships between different quadrilaterals by comparing them to real life situations.
- Provide a word bank of the shapes on the board for spelling purposes.
- Conduct a short quiz on shapes. Example questions include: What are the 2 shapes with 4 right angles? Name 2 shapes that are parallelograms. What is the biggest category of a 4 sided shape? Which shape has 4 sides that are the same but isn't a square? Which shape has one pair of parallel sides?
- Collect papers to grade.
Review and Closing(10 minutes)
- Go around the class, and ask your students which shape they liked learning about the most.
- Invite them to use their arms and hands to demonstrate the shapes.