Author’s Purpose in Fiction Texts
Students will be able to determine author’s meaning in fiction texts.
- Ask students, “Why would an author write a fiction text?" Ask students to turn and give a reason to their partner.
- Ask students to share out their reasons. Then, explain that authors generally have purposes for writing that fit into three main categories: to inform, to persuade, and to entertain.
- Define the terms on the chart paper for future reference.
- Explain that sometimes an author may have more than one purpose in mind, such as in a historical fiction book (e.g. an American Girl book), that seeks to entertain while informing kids about a real time in history. Likewise, a fiction text that teaches a lesson may tell an entertaining story while trying to persuade the reader to do something or act a certain way.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(15 minutes)
- Read aloud a historical fiction book, such as Henry’s Freedom Box by Ellen Levine and Kadir Nelson.
- Ask students, "What do you think the author’s purpose was for this book?"
- Ask student volunteers to share their ideas.
- Explain that this story can both inform and entertain.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Distribute and project the text from the Rumpelstiltskin worksheet. Ask students to think about which purpose may apply.
- Read the story aloud with students.
- Ask students to tell their partner what they think the purpose of the story is.
- Ask for student volunteers to share their ideas about the purpose of the text. Explain that the purpose is to entertain the reader.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Distribute the Author’s Purpose: The Ant and the Grasshopper worksheet to students.
- Instruct students to read the passage with their partners, alternating sentences.
- Instruct students to begin answering the questions below the passage.
- Circulate the room while students are working, answering questions and informally assessing students’ abilities.
- Student fluency, comprehension, and writing abilities should be noted for future small group work with you.
Review and closing(3 minutes)
- Call students back together.
- Ask student volunteers to share the author’s purpose and their reasoning behind their choice.