Lesson plan

Author’s Purpose in Fiction Texts

Introduce the concept of author’s purpose in fiction texts with this fun reading lesson! Students will discuss three examples of fictional texts to determine the purpose of each.
Need extra help for EL students? Try the The Purpose of Fiction Texts pre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the The Purpose of Fiction Texts pre-lesson.

Students will be able to determine author’s meaning in fiction texts.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(5 minutes)
  • Ask students, “Why would an author write a fiction text?" Ask students to turn and give a reason to their partner.
  • Ask students to share out their reasons. Then, explain that authors generally have purposes for writing that fit into three main categories: to inform, to persuade, and to entertain.
  • Define the terms on the chart paper for future reference.
  • Explain that sometimes an author may have more than one purpose in mind, such as in a historical fiction book (e.g. an American Girl book), that seeks to entertain while informing kids about a real time in history. Likewise, a fiction text that teaches a lesson may tell an entertaining story while trying to persuade the reader to do something or act a certain way.
(15 minutes)
  • Read aloud a historical fiction book, such as Henry’s Freedom Box by Ellen Levine and Kadir Nelson.
  • Ask students, "What do you think the author’s purpose was for this book?"
  • Ask student volunteers to share their ideas.
  • Explain that this story can both inform and entertain.
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute and project the text from the Rumpelstiltskin worksheet. Ask students to think about which purpose may apply.
  • Read the story aloud with students.
  • Ask students to tell their partner what they think the purpose of the story is.
  • Ask for student volunteers to share their ideas about the purpose of the text. Explain that the purpose is to entertain the reader.
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute the Author’s Purpose: The Ant and the Grasshopper worksheet to students.
  • Instruct students to read the passage with their partners, alternating sentences.
  • Instruct students to begin answering the questions below the passage.
(2 minutes)
  • Circulate the room while students are working, answering questions and informally assessing students’ abilities.
  • Student fluency, comprehension, and writing abilities should be noted for future small group work with you.
(3 minutes)
  • Call students back together.
  • Ask student volunteers to share the author’s purpose and their reasoning behind their choice.

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