Lesson plan

Bugs On a Rug

Which bugs go on the rug? In this bug-themed lesson, students will look for words that are similar and fit into the -ug word family! By the end of the lesson they will create their own bugs for their uniquely designed rugs!
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The students will be able to read and segment one-syllable words, reading individual sounds and producing the entire word. The students will be able to recognize words that belong in the -ug family. The students will be able to sort words that do and don’t belong in the same word family.

(5 minutes)
  • Prior to the lesson, scatter several bug word cards on the floor around the room.
  • As you begin the lesson, pretend you are surprised as you pick up a word bug off of the floor.
  • Ask the students if anyone else sees a bug on the floor.
  • Ask the students how the words are alike and how they are different.
  • Tell the students that they will be learning about words in the "-ug" family today.
(5 minutes)
  • Using the bug examples, model the process of segmenting the sounds of each of the "bug" words.
  • Say each sound in isolation and then say the entire word.
  • Next, direct students to the Bugs on a Rug presentation.
  • Show the students how the two "-ug" words are alike on the first slide.
  • Move the "-ug" bugs to the rug to show the students that the bugs are in the same word family.
(10 minutes)
  • Move to the next slide. This time, invite students to sound out each of the words along with you.
  • Direct students to read the word sound by sound and to then read the entire word.
  • Ask the students if the bug should go on the rug. (If the word is in the -ug family, it goes together with the other -ug words on the rug.)
  • Invite the students to participate by moving the bugs to the rug if they belong in the -ug family.
(10 minutes)
  • Write the following letters on the left side of the board: r, p, d, h, m, l, t.
  • On the right side of the board write the two letters, ug.
  • Model the process of combining letters to create words that are in the same "bug" family.
  • Have students create various words that fit in the "bug" family, using the bug and rug cutouts to create bugs that can fit on the word family rug.
  • Have students write each -ug word on a separate bug and then decorate their bug and rug.
  • Enrichment: For an extra challenge, invite students to use the following blends to create new words that are in the "bug" family: pl, sl, ch, and shr.
  • Support: For students having moderate difficulty, supply the "-ug" ending on each bug and have the students select letters to create the entire word. For students having extensive difficulty, provide bugs with dotted letters that can be traced to form the words.
(5 minutes)
  • Write several selected words from the lesson on the board.
  • Ask students to give a thumbs up if the word is a part of the -ug family.
  • Ask the students to read the single sounds and then the whole word to assess blending.
(10 minutes)
  • End the lesson with a word family story using words from the "-ug" word family.
  • Display the Word Family Story: -ug worksheet on the interactive whiteboard.
  • Invite the students to participate in identifying words that correctly finish each sentence.
  • Extend and conclude the lesson by asking students to tell their own sentences with the words.

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