August 12, 2015
by Susan Russell

Lesson plan

Capitalization? It's in the Bag!

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Students will understand that proper nouns should be capitalized.

(10 minutes)
  • Tell students they will be playing a game in today’s lesson; however, they must learn the rules first.
  • The game rules are also the rules of capitalization, so tell them they will be reviewing those rules before they can play the game.
  • Display your capitalization rules anchor chart where all students can see it.
  • Emphasize that common nouns don't need to be capitalized, but proper nouns do.
(10 minutes)
  • Tell students that the class will discuss the rules for capitalizing nouns.
  • Direct students to the capitalization anchor chart.
  • Ask for student volunteers to read each rule.
  • Discuss the rules in detail. For example, discuss what types of places are capitalized.
  • Write examples of each rule on the board. Ask for student contributions to your list.
  • Check for understanding before you move on to the game.
(20 minutes)
  • Place the index cards you prepared into the brown paper lunch bag.
  • Students will take turns coming up and pulling an index card out of the bag. They will read the card and say whether the noun needs to be capitalized. They should also be able to explain how they determined whether it needed to be capitalized.
(10 minutes)
  • Ask students to take out a piece of notebook paper.
  • Tell them to write three sentences.
  • The first sentence should have the name of a city, state, and country in it.
  • The second sentence should have the name of a person, month, and holiday.
  • The third sentence should have the name of a book title or a movie title.
  • Write down these directions and display them so that students can reference them while they are writing.
  • These papers will also be used as exit slips and should be collected when completed.
  • Enrichment: Ask advanced students to create colorful anchor charts with the capitalization rules. Display their completed posters throughout the room.
  • Support: Students that are struggling could work in a small group with you to practice the rules.
(5 minutes)
  • Review the exit slips and write feedback.
  • Make a note of any students that may need small group intervention.
(5 minutes)
  • Review the difference between common and proper nouns.

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