Capitalize Your Story
Students will be able to properly capitalize nouns, such as holidays, product names, and geographic names.
- Tell the students that today, they're going to learn about capitalization.
- Capital letters are mostly used as the first letter of proper nouns (the name of something or someone) and the first letter of sentences.
- Ask students to think of any words they know that should be capitalized. Record their correct answers on the board to serve as a reference for the remainder of the lesson.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
- Write three sentences on the board. Some examples are:
- They have to go to the airport on New Year's Day.
- My cousins live near the Mississippi River.
- We ate Domino's Pizza for dinner last night.
- Circle the capital letters in the first sentence and explain that it is an example of a holiday. Ask students to suggest other examples of holidays they celebrate.
- Share that the second sentence is an example of a geographic name, and circle the capital letters in Mississippi River. Ask students to think of other examples of geographic names.
- Point out that the capital letters in the third sentence are for a product name. Have students turn and talk to a partner about other product names they can think of. Call on volunteers to share with the whole group.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Invite the class to co-create some sentences. Tell them you'd like to focus on different topics, and you will write the sentences on the board or document camera. Be sure to write only some words with correct capitalization, and include some capitalization errors to promote class discussion. Use the following specifications for the sentences:
- Sentence 1: Should include the name of a holiday.
- Sentence 2: Should include the name of a product.
- Sentence 3: Should include a geographic name.
- Call on students to circle the letters that have been capitalized correctly with a blue marker. Have them choose a peer to draw a triangle around the letters that need to be capitalized but weren't.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Instruct students to work independently to write and illustrate three new sentences. Share the following specifications for the sentences:
- Sentence 1: Should include the name of their favorite holiday.
- Sentence 2: Should include the name of their favorite product.
- Sentence 3: Should include a geographic name of a place they have been or would like to visit.
- Have students share their sentences with a partner, and then choose their favorite sentence to share with the group. Provide feedback and praise as students share.
- Enrichment: Have advanced students work on the Practice Capitalization with a Homemade Calendar activity during Independent Working Time.
- Support: Give struggling students one-on-one assistance during Independent Working Time. Prodivde them with sentence frames to support their writing.
- Write 3-5 sentences on the board. Do not capitalize your letters, and include opportunities for students to correctly capitalize holidays, product names, and geographic names.
- Have students fix the sentences and capitalize the sentences correctly on their own paper.
- Collect students' papers once they're done. Review them later to assess their understanding of the lesson content.
Review and closing(15 minutes)
- Read aloud Grammar Tales: The Mega-Deluxe Capitalization Machine by Justin McCory Martin to the class.
- To review, ask students to tell you the cases in which letters need to be capitalized.
- Call on a volunteer to review the rules about capitalizing certain words. Remind them that we capitalize certain words, such as holidays, product names, and geographic names, because they are important words.