Lesson plan

Cause and Effect with Comic Strips

Pow! Bam! Splat! In this integrated reading and science lesson, students will explore the relationship between cause and effect. They will get creative and create cause-and-effect comic strips!
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Words That Show Cause and Effect pre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Words That Show Cause and Effect pre-lesson.
  • Students will be able to identify the difference between cause and effect and create examples of cause-and-effect relationships in the form of comic strips.
The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(5 minutes)
  • Tell students that today we are going to use what we have learned in science to make our very own comic strips.
  • Show students the sample comic strip provided in the suggested media section.
  • Call on a volunteer to explain what is happening in this comic strip.
(10 minutes)
  • Tell students that today the comic strips that we create will be cause-and-effect comic strips.
  • Explain that a cause is the reason why something happens. The effect is the result of what happened.
  • Ask students to think about examples of a cause and effect. Then have students turn and talk to a neighbor and think-pair-share.
  • Write students’ examples on the board with an arrow showing that the cause leads to the effect (Cause: It was my birthday / Effect: We ate cake).
(15 minutes)
  • Remind students that our cause-and-effect comic strips will be created using what we have been learning in science (e.g., animal behaviors).
  • Reread or review science text if necessary.
  • On chart paper, draw multiple comic strips with two squares per strip and with room for a caption under each square.
  • Ask students to share some examples of cause and effect as they relate to their science topic (e.g., animal behaviors).
  • As you call on students, write their "cause" example in the first square and their "effect" example in the second square. Ask students to tell what the captions for each comic strip should say. Write in the captions and draw a quick sketch in each square (e.g., Cause: It is winter and the weather is becoming colder. / Effect: The monarch butterfly migrates to Mexico in search of warmer temperatures.).
(15 minutes)
  • Show students the Cause and Effect Comic Strips worksheet.
  • Explain that they are now going to create their own cause-and-effect comic strips using what they have been learning in science.
  • Remind students that each square must have a picture and a caption.
  • Encourage students to have fun and get creative with their drawings, speech bubbles, and sound effect bubbles.
  • Circulate the room as students work to offer support and assess their levels of understanding.

Enrichment: Have students who need an extra challenge create their own comic strips on blank paper with more than one effect for each cause.

Support: Allow students who need more support to reference the science text as needed, and/or work with the student to generate ideas prior to starting the comic strip.

(10 minutes)
  • Call students to the rug.
  • Have students volunteer to share their comic strips with their classmates.
  • Call on students to identify the different cause and effect relationships they heard in their classmates’ comic strips.
(5 minutes)
  • To review, state a cause and have students volunteer to state the effects. To challenge students, state an effect and ask students to state the cause.
  • Close by telling students that in both fictional texts and nonfictional texts, there is a cause for every effect.
  • Encourage students to continue to search for cause and effect relationships both in school and out of school because doing so will help them deepen their reading comprehension, scientific inquiry, and critical thinking skills.

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