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Compare and Contrast Texts on the Same Topic
Students will be able to compare and contrast two nonfiction texts on the same topic.
- Tell students that today they are going to compare and contrast texts that are written about the same topic.
- Ask students to volunteer definitions for the terms compare (note the similarity between) and contrast (note the difference between). Support students as needed to review these terms.
- Explain that even if two texts are written about the same topic, they can have different information depending on the author's perspective or the source of the information. When we compare two texts on the same topic, we get more information than we would if we read just one.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Display the side-by-side texts on the Underground Railroad worksheet and read each passage aloud to students as they silently follow along.
- Draw a Venn diagram on chart paper and label one side "text one" and the other side "text two."
- Using a "think aloud," model the process by which you would compare the two texts. Write three or more facts in each section of the Venn diagram (i.e., "The Underground Railroad was dangerous," "Participants who were caught were punished"). Keep the text displayed while you complete the Venn diagram as a reference for students.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Display the text portion of the Historical Heroes: Cesar Chavez worksheet and read it aloud to students as they silently follow along.
- Show students the mini video biography about Cesar Chavez and have them take notes on scratch paper as they watch. Remind students to look for similarities and differences between the text and the video.
- Give students a few minutes with an elbow partner to discuss the similarities and differences they noticed between the text and the video.
- Draw a Venn diagram on chart paper and label one side "text" and one side "video."
- Ask students to share the similarities and differences they noticed. Record their answers on the Venn diagram.
Independent working time(10 minutes)
- Hand out the worksheet Compare and Contrast Non-Fiction Stories: Extinct Birds to each student.
- Have students read the two passages to themselves before filling in their own Venn diagrams, comparing the details of the texts.
- Circulate and offer support as needed.
- Highlight or underline key points as you read text aloud to students (during explicit instruction and guided practice) so that students have visual support as they choose details to include in the Venn diagram.
- Use texts about a topic that students are familiar with, like pets, so that they can practice the skills learned without the burden of new information.
- Have students apply the skills learned to compare two texts written about a topic of their choice.
- Have students choose a social studies or science topic, like the California Gold Rush. Then, have them compare the information in their textbook to a primary source document.
- Split the class up into an even number of groups (with about 4–5 students per group).
- Give two groups the same topic (e.g., the rock cycle) and tell them they will be acting out a scene about that topic.
- Allow all groups a few minutes to develop their scenes.
- Bring two groups with identical topics to the front of the room. Have one group step out of the classroom as the other group performs. Then have the second group perform while the first group steps out.
- Invite all students to discuss the similarities and differences between the scenes. Remind them to discuss the facts that were presented, not their personal judgement of the performances (i.e., both groups talked about igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary rocks).
- Repeat with other groups as time permits.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- What are the benefits of comparing two texts on the same topic?
- Why are there so many differences between texts?
- How might an author's bias affect the information that is included in a text? For example, if a slave owner wrote a text about the Underground Railroad, how might it differ from the texts we read today?