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Comparing and Contrasting Short Stories
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Students will be able to compare and contrast short stories.
- Tell students that today they will be comparing and contrasting short stories.
- Ask students if they know the meaning of the terms compare and contrast.
- Define the terms on the chart paper for student reference.
Beginning: Have students turn to a partner and explain what you will be discussing, either in English or their home language (L1).
Intermediate: Have students rephrase what you will be studying today. Explain that rephrasing means to use your own words.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(20 minutes)
- Bring students to the rug and project a classic illustrated fairy tale, such as "The Three Little Pigs." Read the story aloud.
- Then read aloud the fractured fairy tale, such as "The Three Little Wolves and the Big Bad Pig."
- If needed, provide a wiggle break, or stretch break, between books.
- Before reading, front-load the definitions of character, problem, solution, and theme. Write them down for student reference.
- At the end of each book, have students turn and tell a seat partner the character, then the problem, and so on.
- Before reading, ask student volunteers to define character, problem, solution, and theme.
- Tell students to be thinking about each of these in the two stories while you read.
- After reading each book, ask students to tell you about the characters, problem, solution, and theme of each.
Guided Practice(5 minutes)
- Project page two (the blank graphic organizer) of the Compare and Contrast: Short Stories worksheet.
- Define or review the following terms: problem, solution, and theme.
- With input from student volunteers, compare and contrast the two story versions of "The Three Little Pigs" on the graphic organizer.
Beginning: Provide written questions and sentence stems for partner discussion before filling out the graphic organizer as a class. For example:
- How are the characters in the books the same?
- "The characters in both books are ____."
Intermediate: Pair ELs with sympathetic non-EL peers to turn and discuss each portion of the graphic organizer before you ask for a student volunteer to share.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Distribute the Compare and Contrast: Short Stories worksheet.
- Instruct students to read the passages with their partners, alternating sentences.
- Instruct students to complete the graphic organizer comparing and contrasting the two short stories.
- Provide a student-friendly glossary of terms that may be unfamiliar to beginning ELs, such as responsible or goal.
- Allow beginner ELs to continue working with a partner to fill out a single graphic organizer.
Intermediate: Allow ELs extra time to complete the work.
Support: While others work independently, call your struggling readers into a group to work with you.
Enrichment: For students needing a greater challenge, have students read more difficult stories, such as those in the Compare and Contrast Fictional Stories: First Day at the New School worksheet.
- Circulate the room while students are working, answering questions and informally assessing students’ abilities.
- Student fluency, comprehension, and writing abilities should be noted for future small group work with you.
- Ask students to turn in their worksheets. Review later for comprehension and accuracy.
Beginning: Provide ELs with sentence frames to discuss the stories with their partner. For example: "The solution in 'The Three Little Pigs' was ____ because ____."
Intermediate: Provide a word bank on the board during partner work time.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Call students back together.
- Ask student volunteers to share the similarities and differences of the two stories, as well as their reasoning behind their ideas.
- Record your answers on your copy of the graphic organizer.
Beginning: Ask for student volunteers to share the definitions of compare and contrast.
Intermediate: Ask students to turn and tell their partners the definitions of compare and contrast.