Lesson Plan

Division and Multiplication Relationship

Let's better understand multiplication and division concepts! Use this lesson to help students understand inverse operations between multiplication and division.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Multiplication and Division: What's the Connection? pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Multiplication and Division: What's the Connection? pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to show understanding of the inverse relationship between multiplication and division.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments

Introduction

(5 minutes)
Inverse Equations: DivisionMultiplication and Division Review
  • Draw a picture of 7 groups of 12 on the board and ask students to turn and share in pairs what they see and notice about the drawing. Listen for key terms such as "groups of," "multiplied," "divide," "repeated addition," etc.
  • Ask students to share their ideas and write them on the board. If they haven't given an equation, ask them to write on the board as many equations they can think of that relate to the picture (e.g., 7 x 12 = ________, 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 + 12 = ________). Ask students to solve for the blanks in partners if they hadn't done so in the sharing portion.
  • Circle the multiplication and division equations and rewrite them on the board stacked on top of each other. Explain that today they'll review the inverse relationship of multiplication and division to help solve future word problems.

Beginning

  • Place students with a partner who speaks the same home language (L1) for the sharing portion of the introduction.
  • Allow students to solve for the blanks with a supportive partner.

Intermediate

  • Provide student-friendly definitions for the key words mentioned in the introduction such as, "inverse," "multiplied," "groups," "division," "repeated addition," etc. Include an image and example as needed.