Double It!: A Lesson on Suffixes and Changing Verb Tense
- Students will be able to change tenses of one syllable words.
- Students will be able to use the “double the consonant rule" as applied to one syllable words.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Invite students to play the “Mix and Match” game. In this game students will be challenged to find a partner that matches their word or suffix and then to say the new word.
- Distribute one word card to each student.
- Tell the students that when you say “go” they need to get up and find a student who has a card that can match their card to make a word.
- Demonstrate as needed.
- After playing the game, collect the cards and explain to the students that they just made some words that end in -ed. Tell them that they will be learning a new rule for using -ed to read and write in the past tense.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (5 minutes)
- Introduce the process of using double consonants by first telling the students that the rule applies to one syllable words.
- As needed, demonstrate counting a one syllable word by clapping several words, such as the following words: Clip, drag, and drop.
- Display the rule using the How to Change Verb Tenses worksheet or by writing it on the board.
- Model the process of using the rule by making a chart with the following words: Drag, bang, beg, end, clip, and hand.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (5 minutes)
- Continue the process of guiding students as they decide when to double consonants. Distribute yes/no student response cards, individual whiteboards, and markers.
- Write "drag" at the bottom of the chart you created during the modeling section.
- Ask the students to look at the rule and decide if they need to double the consonants before adding “ed.”
- Ask the students to hold up a “yes” card if the answer is “yes” and a “no” card if the answer is “no.”
- Check for student responses and discuss as needed.
- Ask students to write the new word on their whiteboards. Check for accuracy.
- Continue and repeat the process for the following words: hop, itch, shop, wish, drop, and flap.
Independent Working Time (10 minutes)
- Distribute the Double It! worksheet and ask students to decide on how to add the correct suffixes and change the verb tenses.
- Have students brainstorm one syllable words that have not been used and decide if consonants should be doubled.
- Have the students apply the rule using -ing instead of -ed. Students can use words from the worksheet or words from modeling or guided practice.
- Extend to using other suffixes, as shown in the “Doubling Rule with Suffixes” video.
- Provide a short list of examples from the guided practice or independent work time. Write these words on a separate paper and have students play “I Spy” and look for examples of double consonants.
- Create matching “memory” cards with a correct form of each word on a card. Have the students play “memory” and match several examples.
- Use an interactive whiteboard to give students practice identifying double consonants. Ask the students to highlight or circle the double consonants. Double consonants can also be color-coded.
- Use an interactive whiteboard and have the students sort words based on whether the words have a double consonant.
Assessment (5 minutes)
- Remove or turn over modeling and guided practice charts.
- Write several words on the board and have students change the words to past tense and then use them in a sentence. Students can write in their journals or on the back of their worksheets.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Pair students up and have each pair of students choose an index card with a word written on it.
- Have the students discuss what they learned and how the word could be changed to past tense.
- Invite students to share with the whole group.