Easter Word Problems
Students will be able to solve Easter addition and subtraction word problems using drawings and writing equations.
- Gather students together and say, “Today we are going to do a little acting! I need one volunteer to help me.”
- Call on one student and say, “You are going to be the Easter Bunny! We need to help you as you gather your eggs to give to the children. Easter is a spring holiday that is celebrated by some people all around the world. The Easter Bunny is said to deliver special eggs to children during Easter.”
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(5 minutes)
- Tell students that the Easter Bunny has six blue eggs, six red eggs, and seven green eggs. Ask the students how many eggs the Easter bunny has altogether.
- Explain that in order to solve this kind of math problem, called a word problem, we will need to keep track of each number of items.
- Demonstrate how to find the three numbers and write the addition equation 6 + 6 + 7 = ____ on the board. Model drawing pictures to represent each number. Have students count aloud with you the drawings together. Show how you can also add 6 + 6 (if students know that equals 12) and then add seven to find the sum.
Guided Practice(10 minutes)
- Write the following word problem on the board: “Sam had 15 jellybeans in her Easter basket. She gave 4 to her sister. How many does she have left?”
- Ask the class how this problem is different and similar to the last problem. If needed, clarify that this is a subtraction problem, not an addition problem.
- Have the students help you solve the problem by writing the subtraction equation 15 - 4 =____ and by drawing 15 jelly beans on the board.
- Ask a student to come up and show the class how they could find the difference.
- Answer questions or clarify as needed.
Independent working time(20 minutes)
- Explain to students that they will now solve addition and subtraction word problems on their own. Remind them to write their equations and use drawings as they solve each problem.
- Pass out worksheet copies to each student to complete independently.
- Gather a small group of students to complete the worksheet together. Allow students to use the cut out the egg shapes you made to use as they solve each word problem.
- Have students complete Easter Word Problems #2 and Easter Word Problems #3 if they finish early.
- Collect student work and check if students were able to accurately depict the word problems using addition and subtraction equations and drawings.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Gather students back together and say, “Help! The Easter Bunny started out with nine eggs. Then the Easter Bunny found eight more eggs in the forest. How many eggs does the Easter Bunny have now?"
- Ask students to help you write the addition equation and draw pictures to solve the problem.
- Close by saying, “When we use equations and drawings together, we can solve many complicated word problems.”