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EL Support Lesson
Students will be able to recognize character traits and use these traits to compare and contrast main characters.
Students will be able to compare and contrast characters with transition words using sentence stems and graphic organizers.
- Write the following sentence stems on the board:
- "I notice..."
- "It’s interesting…"
- Project a picture of Alice from Alice's Adventures in Wonderland and a picture of Mary from The Secret Garden and ask students to share their thoughts about each of the pictures with their elbow partner.
- Choose two students to share aloud their sentences about the picture and tell everything they know about the people in the pictures. Use their oral responses to gauge how much information about the novels you'll need to provide the students.
- Tell students they’ll use their skills in identifying character traits to compare and contrast supporting characters in The Secret Garden and Alice's Adventures in Wonderland.
Building academic language
- Tell students they’ll learn the new tiered vocabulary words to help them understand the text.
- Display the Vocabulary Instruction Chart worksheet and read through the columns. Provide the meanings of all the tiered vocabulary words. Use the visuals in the Vocabulary Cards worksheet to support their understanding of the words.
- Ask students to complete the Vocabulary Instruction Chart worksheet as you provide the definitions and parts of speech. Leave the example section blank and allow students to provide examples of vocabulary use for each word orally after you give your example.
- Review the compare and contrast definitions and use the Language Frames: Compare and Contrast worksheet to create simple comparisons (e.g., While math class is filled with rules about numbers, reading class is filled with rules about words). Provide an additional example using the new vocabulary terms: "Both hedges and moors are descriptions of things in nature."
- Display the chart paper with the sentences about Mary and Alice and read through the sentences. Provide some background on the novels as necessary.
- Evaluate the first sentence and think aloud about the similarities (family is wealthy) and differences (locations they visited). Read through all the other sentences and pair students to find the differences and then the similarities. Allow one student to share the differences and one student to share the similarities.
- Display the Compare & Contrast Supporting Characters worksheet and read through the excerpts.
- Review the texts by looking for similarities and differences (e.g., titles, very few periods in Alice's Adventures in Wonderland, realistic fiction vs. fantasy). Use words that highlight comparisons (both, neither, whereas).
- Project the Language Frames: Compare and Contrast worksheet and allow partners to reread the texts and discuss the similarities and differences they read in the texts.
- Model completing the chart in Part 1 of the Compare & Contrast Supporting Characters worksheet. Think aloud your choices and ask students to copy your work onto their own papers.
- Choose partnerships for each student and allow them to complete Part 2 together. Select one group to present their answers and correct any misconceptions as necessary.
- Display the Language Frames: Compare and Contrast worksheet and ask students use a frame of their choice to brainstorm with their partner differences or similarities between Rabbit and Martha. Choose one or two students to share their sentences with the class.
- Allow students to write their oral answers in the Part 3 graphic organizer if time allows.
Additional EL adaptations
- Provide realistic pictures of the key terms about nature. Allow students to restate the meaning of the new terms in their home language (L1) or their new language (L2).
- Pair students strategically so they're with sympathetic partners who will read the text to them first before they read it themselves.
- Ask students to share their ideas first and to provide language support to Beginning ELs that know their same L1.
- Have students complete the assignments in complete sentences and either say or write a paragraph comparing Mary and Alice without using the language frames.
Formative Assessment of Academic Language(7 minutes)
- Read through the directions and tables for Part 4 in the Compare & Contrast Supporting Characters worksheet. Ask another student to reword the directions.
- Tell students to complete the section after rereading the texts again.
Review and closing(3 minutes)
- Allow two volunteers to read their paragraph frames.
- Refer to the moor and hedge pictures from the Introduction section and ask a student to provide a description of the two locations. Choose another student to tell the class whether the texts gave more information about the two locations or not.
- Remind students that comparing characters helps them understand the text and the characters a little better.