Lesson Plan

Citing Inferences

Use this lesson to help your ELs understand how to cite their answers based on inferences they make about a text. It can be a stand-alone lesson or used as support to the lesson Colorful Coding.
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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Colorful Coding lesson plan.
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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Colorful Coding lesson plan.



Students will be able to distinguish between questions with a directly stated answer and questions with an inferred answer before answering questions about a text.


Students will be able to cite their inferences aloud with signal phrases using strategic grouping.


(5 minutes)
Reading Between the LinesMore Reading Between the LinesTeach Background Knowledge TemplateWrite Student-Facing Language Objectives ReferenceVocabulary Cards: Citing InferencesGlossary: Citing InferencesBuild an Inference
  • Do a picture walk with a book that allows for students to make inferences about a character's emotion or actions and is culturally appropriate for your ELs, such as the book Tuesday by David Wiesner.
  • Model making inferences using phrases such as "________ leads me to believe________," or "________ suggests that ________." Then, gather background knowledge on students' ability to make inferences by allowing them to share their own inferences and use the modeled sentence frames on their own.
  • Offer corrections or suggestions when necessary and allow other students to add on to the inferences.
  • Explain to students that today they'll practice citing text evidence using introductory phrases to explain their inferences.