Lesson Plan

Personification Practice

Use this lesson to help your ELs understand how nouns and verbs are used in personification. It can be a stand-alone lesson or used as support to the lesson Poetry: Figurative Language.
Download lesson plan
This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Poetry: Figurative Language lesson plan.
View aligned standards
This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Poetry: Figurative Language lesson plan.



Students will be able to identify some of the different types of figurative language in poetry.


Students will be able to identify nouns and verbs that signal personification using word banks for support.


(3 minutes)
What is Personification?Teach Background Knowledge TemplateWrite Student-Facing Language Objectives ReferenceWord Study Concept MapIdentifying Personification with Nouns and VerbsVocabulary Cards: Personification PracticeGlossary: Personification Practice
  • Tell students that today they will be learning how to recognize personification in poems.
  • Write the word "personification" on the board in large letters and ask students to take a moment to look at the word. Ask students to see if they recognize any parts of the word. Call on students to share their observations and guide them to see that the word "person" is in the word personification.
  • Underline the word "person" in personification and tell students that personification is when a writer gives human qualities or abilities to an object or animal. In other words, they describe something non-human as though it were a person.
  • Explain that personification is a type of figurative language that can be found in poems, songs, and stories. Tell students that authors use personification to help their readers picture something more vividly.
  • Provide an example for students (e.g., "The trees danced in the wind."). Point out that trees can't dance, but people can. So, when it says that the trees are dancing it is describing them like they are people to help us, as readers, imagine the tree's movement.