Lesson Plan

Summarizing with Sequence Words

This lesson helps students summarize fictional stories using sequence words. Students will have a chance to practice distinguishing the different parts of a story in this lesson, which can be taught as a precursor to Storyboard Superstars.
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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Storyboard Superstars lesson plan.
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This lesson can be used as a pre-lesson for the Storyboard Superstars lesson plan.



Students will be able to identify the beginning, middle, and end of fictional texts.


Students will be able to write a summary of a fictional text with sequence words using a paragraph frame.


(7 minutes)
Frayer ModelSummarizing with Sequence WordsParagraph Frame for Summarizing FictionVocabulary Cards: Summarizing with Sequence WordsGlossary: Summarizing with Sequence WordsWrite Student-Facing Language Objectives ReferenceTeach Background Knowledge Template
  • Read the language objective aloud and ask students to reread it to a table partner. Emphasize that students will be identifying the beginning, middle, and end of stories in order to summarize them with sequence words.
  • Show students the "Pigeons" video on a computer or tablet and projector. If it is helpful, narrate the story aloud for your learners.
  • Tell students that if you were to summarize the story, you would say, "In the beginning, three chicks in their nest are hungry. Then, they see a cupcake but can't reach it. So they try lots of different ways to get it. Eventually, they give up. In the end, the mother pigeon gives them a worm, but they are mad because they really wanted the cupcake." (Note: you can also write this summary on the board.)
  • Circle or identify the sequence words ("in the beginning," "then," "so," "eventually," "in the end"), and inform students that these words help to organize the summary.