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EL Support Lesson
Word Family Letters
Students will be able to replace letters at the beginning of one-syllable words to create new words.
Students will be able to identify spelling patterns with word families in grade level texts using written and visual supports.
- Introduce the lesson by displaying the read aloud text and sharing the name of the author and illustrator as well as the book title. Provide students with a basic idea of what the book will be about, such as "This story is about a duck who writes letters. Who has ever gotten or sent a letter?"
- Have students turn and talk to a partner to share if/when they have sent or recieved a letter.
Building academic language
- Introduce the new vocabulary words by saying each word aloud. Then, have the students guess the meaning of each word before providing the definition.
- When you introduce the vocabulary word rime use it as an introduction to word families. You can teach this by using the word cat, the rime or word family is at. Model how to change the beginning letters of a word make a new word (e.g., cat turns into hat).
- Read aloud the story and pause to point as you read. Stop and invite discussion of vocabulary words, word family words, or illustrations.
- Have students turn and talk to share what they think about this story.
- Display one of the letters from the book on the board using a document camera or prewritten on chart paper. Read it aloud while you point to each word on the chart paper. As you read, model using an expressive voice and reading with fluency.
- Write "pig" on the whiteboard and say it aloud. Point out that the word family is ig. Demonstrate how you can change the first letter to make a new word. Replace the letter p with the letter d to make a new word.
- Repeat showing students how to make additional words. Make sure that you are emphasizing what the sound of the first letter is and then chunking the rest of the word family. Say, "C makes the sound /kkk/ and combine it with at, it makes the word cat." After making a new word, review the orginial word and then try to make a new word using the word family.
- Ask students to turn and talk to share another word they could make using the same word family to a partner.
- Have students share out and create a list of words on chart paper or the whiteboard.
Additional EL adaptations
- Complete the Meet the "At" Family worksheet in a small group to practice spelling and reading words in the same short vowel word family.
- Have students write their own letter (to a friend or family member) using words from the Wacky Word Families worksheet.
Formative assessment of academic language(10 minutes)
- Pass out the Wacky Word Families worksheet for students to complete independently.
- As students are at work, check that they are able to accurately identify and sort the words from each word family.
- Take note of any students who are struggling to comprehend the lesson.
Review and closing(3 minutes)
- Close by choosing a new word family. Have students turn and talk to share a word they can make using the word family. Then, have students share out their words with the group.
- Review any misconceptions and close by reminding students that they can read and spell many new words using the word family as a clue.