Lesson plan

Exploring the Narrative

Teach your students to entertain readers with narrative writing. This lesson will help your students understand the genre, the different parts of a story, and elements such as character, setting, and conflict.
Grade Subject View aligned standards
  • Students will be able to describe the main parts of a plot.
  • Students will be able to identify different kinds of narratives and the key features of a narrative.
(5 minutes)
  • Facilitate a Know, Want to Know, Learned (KWL) process with the topic: narratives.
  • Write KWL on the board, 'K for Know, W for Want to Know and L for Learned.'
  • Ask students what they know about narratives, noting their responses and ideas under each category.
  • Ask them what they want to know, and explain that at the end you will come back to this and discuss what they learned.
(10 minutes)
  • Connect any of the ideas shared in the opening activity with the idea that narrative is a broad genre. Explain that any story is a narrative but there are many kinds of stories.
  • Distribute the What is a Narrative? Kinds of Narratives worksheet.
  • Follow the directions on the sheet to create a map of the different genres that narratives can fall under.
  • Make connections to other discussions your class has had about genres.
(10 minutes)
  • Explain that stories all have similar elements or features. Some of the terms in the next activity they’ll surely be familiar with and some will likely be new.
  • Project the What is a Narrative? Key Features worksheet.
  • Review each of the terms in the box at the top. Discuss each term as a group, making connections to stories you have read together as a class.
(10 minutes)
  • Distribute the What is a Narrative? Key Features worksheet.
  • Assign students to complete this sheet independently or with a partner.
  • Review the answers as a class when all students have finished.


  • Complete the exercise as a class as you review it in Guided Practice/Modeling.


  • Have students use the Diagramming the Plot of a Story worksheet to examine the plot of a story they have recently read.
(10 minutes)
  • Have students complete the Understanding Plot by Creating Your Own Story worksheet to apply their knowledge of plot terms to a simple story of their own.
(5 minutes)
  • Come back to the KWL that you started with. Ask students to share some things they learned about narratives in this lesson.

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