Lesson Plan

Fiction Comprehension: Problem and Solution

If you've ever had something go wrong, you know how it feels to search for a solution! Use this lesson to teach your students to identify problems and solutions in fictional text.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the What Was the Problem? pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the What Was the Problem? pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to identify the problem and solution in a fictional text.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments


(5 minutes)
Problem & Solution OrganizerPart 1: Finding the Problem and the Solution with Question Words
  • Initiate a conversation with the class about a problem that you're having at either home or school. For example, your dog gets into the garbage when you aren't home and makes a mess. Ask them to help you problem-solve.
  • Invite students to share their ideas and tell them which solutions you have tried.
  • Share that you brought up this issue and asked for suggestions for how to fix it because it is warming up our brains for today's lesson.
  • Read aloud the learning objective and have students put it into their own words to a partner.


  • Provide a visual example of the problem and allow students to draw possible solutions.
  • Have students explain their drawing to a partner using their home language (L1) or English.


  • Have students share their ideas with a partner before sharing with the whole class.
  • Provide a sentence stem for students to use as they suggest solutions, such as "You could solve the problem by ________."