Lesson Plan

Give Me 10!

Roll some dice to introduce the early concepts of associative and commutative properties in addition by composing and decomposing 10. Worksheets and a quiz are included!
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Three Part Trains pre-lesson.
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Three Part Trains pre-lesson.

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to add within 20 by using multiple strategies involving the commutative and associative properties.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments


(10 minutes)
Give Me 10 QuizGive Me 10 Worksheet
  • Begin by writing the following sentence on the board: I can compose a beautiful melody.
  • Underline the word compose, and ask the students to turn to a partner and think of a definition for this word.
  • After discussing their answers as a whole group, tell the students that the word compose means to create something by combining things or parts.
  • Explain to your students that they will create or compose a tossed salad by combining different ingredients and parts together.


  • Define melody as a song or tune. Model composing a melody by making up a simple song and singing it to the class.
  • Show students a picture of a salad, and ask them to name ingredients used in salad. Display and label photos or drawings of different salad ingredients.


  • As students to give you a thumbs up if they have ever cooked something, for example a peanut butter and jelly sandwich or macaroni and cheese. Tell students to turn and talk to a partner about which ingredients, or parts, they used to make the dish.

Related Guided Lesson

Addition 2

11 games
1 song video
1 interactive story
5 printable worksheets
View Guided Lesson
first grade
Subject Math