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Students will be able to organize, represent and interpret data with up to three categories. Students will be able to ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many are in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.
- Explain to your students that they will work on surveying and graphing today.
- Remind your students that a survey is a questionnaire about a topic. Tell them that the information recorded is called data, and that this data is often put into a graph, which is a visual representation that organizes data.
- Create graphs with two or three categories and survey the class during your morning routine. Ask questions such as "What type of lunch will you have?" (home lunch/school lunch) or "How do you get to school?" (walk, car, bike bus).
- Ask students to brainstorm different types of graphs. Show examples of bar graphs and pie charts.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Explain that the survey will be about the students' favorite fruits, and the survey will be limited to three fruits.
- Ask your students to collectively come up with three fruits maximum. Take suggestions, and have the class vote on which three to survey.
- Have students record these on paper.
- Ask each student to vote on which of the three fruits is their favorite.
- After students record their survey data, draw a graph on the board, making sure that the title, labels, and measurement units are included.
- Show students an actual fruit basket or a photo of a fruit basket.
- Brainstorm a list of fruits, either showing the students the actual fruits, a picture, or a drawing of the different fruits.
- Provide the sentence frame, "My favorite fruit is ____."
- Brainstorm adjectives to describe different fruits.
- Tell students to turn to a partner and share their favorite fruit and a reason why they like that fruit using the sentence frame, "My favorite fruit is ____ because ____."
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Represent the data in the graph.
- Direct your students to also record the survey data on their Fruit Survey worksheets.
- Model writing the students' favorite fruits on the Fruit Survey worksheet, and tallying the total number of students who like each fruit on the tally sheet.
- Practice pronouns with students by asking, "Which fruit does Student A like?" Review that we say, "I like." We answer the question with, "She/he likes ____."
Independent working time(5 minutes)
- Have students answer the questions provided on the Fruit Survey worksheet.
- Instruct your students to graph the results on the blank bar graph.
- Preselect types of fruits for students to choose from, and list them on the Fruit Survey.
- Graph the data as a class.
- Model asking a student what her favorite fruit is and recording the response.
- Challenge students to answer further questions about the data, such as telling how many more students like one type of fruit than another.
- Have students complete the Graph It! What is Your Favorite Fruit? survey at home and bring in the data to school to independently compile a graph.
- As a class, agree on only two fruits to survey subjects on.
- Ask your students to record their observations about the graph in their math journals, using two to three sentences.
- Have them use words such as greater than, less than and equal.
- Provide examples of quantities that are greater than, less than, and equal to other quantities.
- Work with students in a teacher-led small group to analyze the data and write sentences.
- Provide sentence frames for student use during journaling:
- A greater number of students like ____ than ____.
- Less students like ____ than ____.
- An equal number of students like ____ and ____.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Recap what the graph shows by having volunteers share their journal entries.
- Instruct students to share journal entries with a partner before sharing out with the whole class.
- Prompt students with specific questions about which fruits are most and least popular, and how many more students prefer one type of fruit than another.