Lesson plan

Graphing a Fruit Survey

What's your favorite fruit? In this lesson, your students will practice important skills by learning to interpret and present data in a visual form.
Need extra help for EL students? Try the Pet Survey pre-lesson.
EL Adjustments
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Need extra help for EL students? Try the Pet Survey pre-lesson.

Students will be able to organize, represent and interpret data with up to three categories. Students will be able to ask and answer questions about the total number of data points, how many are in each category, and how many more or less are in one category than in another.

The adjustment to the whole group lesson is a modification to differentiate for children who are English learners.
EL adjustments
(10 minutes)
  • Explain to your students that they will work on surveying and graphing today.
  • Remind your students that a survey is a questionnaire about a topic. Tell them that the information recorded is called data, and that this data is often put into a graph, which is a visual representation that organizes data.
(10 minutes)
  • Explain that the survey will be about the students' favorite fruits, and the survey will be limited to three fruits.
  • Ask your students to collectively come up with three fruits maximum. Take suggestions, and have the class vote on which three to survey.
  • Have students record these on paper.
  • Ask each student to vote on which of the three fruits is their favorite.
  • After students record their survey data, draw a graph on the board, making sure that the title, labels, and measurement units are included.
(15 minutes)
  • Represent the data in the graph.
  • Direct your students to also record the survey data on their Fruit Survey worksheets.
(5 minutes)
  • Have students answer the questions provided on the Fruit Survey worksheet.
  • Instruct your students to graph the results on the blank bar graph.


  • Have students complete the Graph It! What is Your Favorite Fruit? survey at home and bring in the data to school to independently compile a graph.


  • As a class, agree on only two fruits to survey subjects on.
(5 minutes)
  • Ask your students to record their observations about the graph in their math journals, using two to three sentences.
  • Have them use words such as greater than, less than and equal.
(5 minutes)
  • Recap what the graph shows by having volunteers share their journal entries.

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