Students will understand the purpose of hyperbole and be able to identify it.
Introduction (5 minutes)
- Have students complete the Over the Top Hyperbole worksheet.
- Allow students to share what they have written.
- Tell students that according to the worksheet, hyperboles are obvious and usually funny exaggerations.
- Tell them that hyperboles are used to add description and usually humor to a text.
- Explain to students that in this lesson, they will examine and create examples of hyperbole to understand that it's used to add exaggerated description to text and make things seems better or worse than what they actually are.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling (10 minutes)
- Have students work on the Practice with Hyperbole worksheet. They'll identify different characteristics from the various images and write a descriptive hyperbole for each.
- Have students look at the first example, “Albert Einstein,” then look at the hyperbole: “Albert Einstein was the smartest man in the universe.”
- Ask students, “Was Einstein the smartest man in the universe?”
- Allow them to respond and discuss the question as a class.
- Students should conclude that Einstein was smart, but to say that he was the smartest man in the universe is an exaggeration and may be considered “funny” by some people.
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling (10 minutes)
- Allow students work in pairs or small groups to complete the other four illustrations using the Practice with Hyperbole worksheet.
- Encourage them to create hyperboles based on the illustrations.
Independent Working Time (20 minutes)
- Have students follow the directions on the the Hyper Hyperbole worksheet.
- Tell students that they will be required to think if traits and characteristics of their family members when creating their hyperboles on the worksheet.
- Enrichment: Allow advanced students to use the Hyper Hyperboles they created to create a short presentation.
- Support: Allow struggling students to complete the This Story is Insane worksheet, which includes prompts that help students create hyperboles.
An interactive whiteboard can be used to display examples as students identify idioms throughout the lesson.
Assessment (10 minutes)
- Have students follow the directions on the Hysterical Hyperboles worksheet.
- Tell students that this activity is a chance for them to demonstrate their writing composition skills.
- Give students 10 minutes to complete this assignment independently.
Review and Closing (5 minutes)
- Recap today’s lesson
- Have students explain in their own words what an hyperbole is.
- Allow students to each explain it to two friends.
- Allow students to ask questions that they still have about hyperboles.