Imagination: Real or Make Believe
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Students will be able to decide if something is real or make believe and speak clearly about the topic.
- Tell students they will be learning about things that are real and make believe. Explain that real things exist and we can see, hear, feel, taste, or touch them, while make believe is when something cannot happen in real life because it doesn't actually exist.
- Tell students to listen attentively to Goldilocks and the Three Bears.
- Play the story.
- Ask the class if they think everything in the story could actually happen.
- Provide definitions or brief explanation of "real" and "make believe" in students home language (L1).
- Share examples of things that are real and make believe to review and familiarize students with the concept (e.g. show pictures of unicorns vs. horses).
Explicit Instruction/Teacher modeling(10 minutes)
- Call a few students to the front of the room.
- Present a scenario that is either real or make believe. For example: "The pink elephant flew around the classroom."
- Have the students illustrate and describe the scene. Remind students to speak clearly and loud enough for people to hear their thoughts, feelings, or ideas.
- Explain why the scenario is real or make believe. For example: "It is make believe because elephants are not pink, they cannot fly, and are not in classrooms."
- Repeat several times, giving both real and make believe examples and allowing many students to participate.
- Demonstrate how to act out a scene that is either real or make believe prior to having students try it.
- Provide images or objects to support students in deciding if the scene is real or make believe.
- Play a sorting activity with students to sort real vs. make believe images.
Guided Practice(15 minutes)
- Write the words "real" and "make believe" on the right and left side of the whiteboard.
- Tell students that you will show them two videos: one of a real tiger and one of a make believe tiger.
- Play both videos for the class.
- Ask the class for things the real tiger can do.
- Write their responses on the board.
- Ask the class to say things the make believe tiger can do.
- Write their responses on the board.
- Compare and discuss what the real and make believe tiger can do with the class. Remind students to express their thoughts and ideas clearly and loudly.
- Watch the videos one at a time and pause between videos to discuss.
- Pair students together to share their ideas using the sentence starters "A real tiger can ____" and "A make believe tiger can ____."
- Pause at intervals while watching the video and ask students to share what they see the tiger doing or how the tiger is acting. Connect this to either real or make believe behaviors.
Independent working time(15 minutes)
- Give each student a Fact or Make Believe worksheet to complete.
- Read the instructions with the class.
- Work with students in a small group to complete the worksheet.
- As a group, go over each option and discuss if/why they think a choice is either real or make believe.
- Ask students to share their worksheet with a partner and discuss why they think a choice is either real or make believe.
- Provide assistance to students as they complete the worksheet. Remind them of the meaning of real and make believe. Give them examples from movies, such as talking animals.
- Let advanced students write a sentence stating if the answer on the worksheet is real or make believe. For example: "This is real because it exists in the world."
- Check each student's worksheet to see if they can differentiate between real and make believe.
- Ask your students to explain why something is real or make believe in partnerships.
- Remind students to speak clearly and loud enough for their partner to hear their thoughts, feelings, or ideas.
- Listen to students as they share their thinking in pairs and with the group. Are students able to identify real vs. make believe?
- Take note of any common areas of confusion for students and address these either with a smaller targeted group or with the whole class.
Review and closing(5 minutes)
- Tell students to form a circle.
- Tell students that you will pass a ball around, and when you say "freeze," the person holding the ball will answer a question.
- Ask students questions about the topic. For example: "What does it mean if something is real? Give an example of something that is make believe."
- Ask a question to the whole class and have students turn and talk to share their answer with a partner. Provide sentence stems for students to utilize when sharing their thinking.
- Pass out images of real or make believethings and ask students to hold up the real things and share what they are with the group. Repeat with the make believe images.