Lesson Plan

Inflectional Endings: -ing and -ed

Wondering how to teach your second graders about inflectional endings? Look no further. After playing with dice and learning through song, your students will be adding *-ing* and *-ed* like pros.
View aligned standards

In this reading and writing lesson plan, first and second graders will learn how adding the inflectional endings -ing and -ed can change a word's meaning from present tense to past tense (e.g., walking vs. walked). With the help of two entertaining short videos, teacher-led examples, and a unique dice game, students children will practice adding different inflectional endings to regular verbs while reinforcing important spelling patterns (such as dropping the silent "e" or doubling the consonant).

Learning Objectives

Students will be able to recognize and write words that contain the inflectional endings -ing and -ed.


(10 minutes)
Roll It! Inflectional Endings Dice
  • Gather students together for the start of lesson.
  • Explain that today they're going to learn how changing the end of a word by adding an inflectional ending can change its meaning. Define an inflectional ending as a group of letters added to the end of a word.
  • Outline the two different types of inflectional endings your class will be studying today. Tell your class that the ending -ing shows that something is in the present tense, or happening right now. Write an example of this (such as I am working) on the whiteboard.
  • Explain that the ending -ed shows that something is in the past tense, or already happened. Write an example of this (such as I worked) on the whiteboard.
  • Tell your class that you're going to play video clips that explain more about inflectional endings. Play -ing - Shock and Jared by The Electric Company and Between the Lions: B.B. the King of Beasts Sings "It's Over Now" for your class.