Informational Writing: Conclusions
Students will be able to write a conclusion for informational text.
- Review the definition of an informational text (an informational text gives facts about a nonfiction topic).
- Tell students: Today we are going to learn how to write a conclusion for an informational text. The conclusion is the ending paragraph or section.
Explicit Instruction/Teacher Modeling(13 minutes)
- Explain the importance of a strong conclusion (i.e. a conclusion is your last chance to catch your reader's attention.)
- Read an informational text aloud, like Volcanoes by Seymour Simon.
- Ask students to share what they noticed about the conclusion. Record student observations on chart paper.
- Provide additional characteristics of a conclusion and add them to the chart paper (i.e. a conclusion should be ‘punchy,’ a strong conclusion will remind your readers what they’ve learned, it should make the reader think more about the topic).
- Explain that when writing a conclusion, a writer should ask themselves, "What do I want readers to remember?"
- Discuss common mistakes, like concluding text in a dull or boring way (i.e “that’s all i have to say….”; “this essay was about…”; “.....is good.”)
Guided Practice/Interactive Modeling(10 minutes)
- Display the Writing Conclusions for Informational Texts worksheet using a projector.
- Review the steps for writing a conclusion and keep them posted.
- Read the text aloud. Then, model each step and write a conclusion for the text (i.e. underline the hook in the introduction, highlight key words or phrases in the body).
Independent Working Time(15 minutes)
- Keep the steps for writing a conclusion posted as a reference and pass out the Conclusion Cards as a tool for students.
- Give students a few minutes to cut and glue their cards.
- Pass out the Conclusion Practice worksheet. Instruct students to read the text and follow the steps to write a conclusion.
- Circulate as students work and offer support as needed.
- When students are finished writing, give students a few minutes to share their conclusion with a partner. Then invite a few students to share their conclusions with the class.
- Review the process of writing introductions for informational texts (see resources).
- Provide students additional pre-written texts to write conclusions for.
- Have students write their own informational essay with a conclusion.
- Read or verbally give students an example of an introduction to an informational text. Ask students to identify the hook.
- Read a short informational text aloud (without a conclusion) and have students generate ideas to create a conclusion for the text. Write the student-generated conclusion on chart paper.
Review and Closing(5 minutes)
- Ask and discuss: What are some characteristics of a good conclusion?
- Remind your students that a good conclusion is supported by the rest of the report — the introduction and body have to be well organized and strong, too.