Learning how to distinguish between facts and opinions is critical for the development of communication and social skills. In this lesson, students will learn the difference between facts and opinions through play and pictures.
Students will be able to define "fact" and "opinion" and evaluate statements to decide if they are facts or opinions.
Join students together in a circle, either seated in chairs or on the floor.
To begin, write the following two phrases on the board and say them out loud:
"It is sunny out."
"I love when the sun is shining."
Ask the class to share what they think the difference is between each phrase. Build on students' answers, and share that one statement is an opinion (I love when the sun is shining) and one is a fact (It is sunny out).
Write the words "opinion" and "fact" on the board (under the corresponding statements).
Ask the class, "What is an opinion?" Then, write the following definition on the board: "A judgement about something, not based on fact."
Ask the class, "What is a fact?" Then, write the following definition: "A thing that can be proven to be true."
Ask the class, "Can we prove that the sun is shining?" Explain that since we can prove that the sun is shining, this statement is a fact.
Now ask, "Can we prove that I love sunshine?" Explain that since we cannot prove that I love sunshine, this statement is an opinion.
Ask students for more examples of facts, and write them on the board (e.g. my dog is brown).
Then, ask students to give you examples of opinions, and write them on the board (e.g. I like to pet my dog).